Women's employment in transition countries, notably Central and Eastern Europe has become increasingly informal and flexible. The first growing trend is that women are more involved in cross-border trade, known as 'suitcase' trade, often keeping women away from home for days or months. They buy mainly consumer and household goods usually unavailable in their home countries, to sell to street vendors on their return home. The second growing trend is women's involvement in sub-contracting, particularly work such as hand sewing for the textile and shoe industries.
Résultats de la rechercheShowing items 1 through 9 of 41.
Library ResourceRapports et recherchesoctobre, 2002Slovénie, Liechtenstein, Slovaquie, Hongrie, Croatie, Pologne, Allemagne, Australie, République tchèque, Suisse, Europe orientale
Library ResourceRapports et recherchesoctobre, 1997Global
How would environmentally sustainable development look if it was gender-sensitive? This report argues that much mainstream literature on environmentally sustainable development has ignored the gender dimensions. Where women have been the target of programmes, they have been seen as natural managers of environmental resources. A gender analysis is important because gender relations affect the ways in which poor men and women manage natural resources.
Library Resourcejanvier, 2014République-Unie de Tanzanie, Kenya, Maroc, Bénin, Tunisie
The Integrated Drylands Development Programme (IDDP) is a global UNDP initiative to promote sustainable development in the drylands, and advance the implementation of the UN Convention to Combat Desertification. This topic brief highlights the important role that gender plays in this context of sustainable development, in particular the role of women in the Arab States and Africa. In these regions, inequality and stereotypical gender norms often prevent women from contributing to the sustainable development of drylands, despite possessing a wealth of traditional knowledge and skills.
Library ResourceDocuments de politique et mémoiresjanvier, 2002Caraïbes, Amérique centrale, Amérique du Sud, Pérou
What is the condition of women in Peru? This gender profile by the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) offers a statistical overview of the condition of urban and rural women with respect to unemployment, status in the workplace, life expectancy and working and living conditions. Poverty is an ongoing concern and half the population continues to subsist below the poverty line. Rural women suffer the most with lower rates of literacy and fewer employment opportunities than urban women and men in general.
Library ResourceRessources et Outils d'entraînementjuin, 1999
A checklist for gender-sensitive analysis of land tenure and common property resource systems, with sections on: gender roles, needs, incentives and benefits; project planning; livelihoods context; facilitating participation; and measuring impact.
Library ResourceDocuments de politique et mémoiresjuin, 1999
Gender issues in land tenure systems. Sections include: key issues; females' less visible roles; instances when women and girls may need special attention; examples of gender sensitive terms of reference; and mini case studies.
Library ResourceRapports et recherchesavril, 2003Burkina Faso, Tunisie, Sénégal, Afrique occidentale, Asie occidentale, Afrique septentrionale
Women do 70 per cent of the agricultural work in Senegal, but according to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), own only two percent of the land that may be cultivated. Although property laws in countries such as Senegal, Tunisia and Burkina Faso recognise women' s and men's equal rights, and Islam gives women the right to inherit half what men inherit, in practice men retain land ownership. Women are dependent on fathers or husbands for land.
Library ResourceRessources et Outils d'entraînementRapports et recherchesnovembre, 2011Global
Climate change is increasingly being recognised as a global crisis, but responses to it have so far been overly focused on scientific and economic solutions. How then do we move towards more people-centred, gender-aware climate change policies and processes? How do we both respond to the different needs and concerns of women and men and challenge the gender inequalities that mean women are more likely to lose out than men in the face of climate change? This report sets out why it is vital to address the gender dimensions of climate change.
Library ResourceRapports et recherchesaoût, 2001Mozambique, Égypte, Nigéria, Afrique du Sud, Ouganda, Mali, Somalie, Zimbabwe, République-Unie de Tanzanie, Sierra Leone, Asie occidentale, Afrique occidentale, Global, Afrique orientale, Afrique septentrionale, Afrique australe
Trade liberalisation processes impact differently on men and women due to the fact that men and women have different roles in production. Despite the fact that women are actively involved in international trade, WTO agreements are gender blind and as such have adverse impacts on women. The General Agreement in Trade and Service (GATS), for instance, provides for a level playing field in service provision between big foreign owned companies and small locally owned companies.
Library ResourceRapports et recherchesDocuments de politique et mémoiresfévrier, 2000Global
What evidence is there of gender inequalities in life outcomes between women and men? This report provides facts and figures that expose gender inequalities, providing evidence of the need to engender development. It offers an insight into the available gender statistics in the following areas: poverty, health, access to resources, education, globalisation, governance, conflicts and emergencies, and human rights. The Beijing Platform for Action (1995) highlighted the different needs of women and men, girls and boys.
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