Population growth leads to growing land scarcity and landlessness in poor agrarian economies. Many of these also face severe climate risks that may increase in the future. Tenure security is important for food security in such countries and at the same time threatened by social instability that further accelerate rural-urban and international migration. Provision of secure property rights with low-cost methods that create investment incentives can lead to land use intensification and improved food security.
Résultats de la rechercheShowing items 1 through 9 of 60.
Library Resourcejanvier, 2016Algérie, Éthiopie
Library Resourcejanvier, 1988Soudan, Afrique sub-saharienne
This article investigates the encroachment on pastoralist grazing land in Sudan (as a result of the mechanised farming in the Sudan).
Library Resourcejanvier, 2002Burkina Faso, Sénégal, Soudan, Niger, Éthiopie, Afrique sub-saharienne
As decentralisation and tenure reform sweeps through the Sahel, doubts remain whether communities can look after commonly owned land. Is privatisation or state control the best means of preventing the degradation of resources? Can local communities forge institutional mechanisms to regulate competing claims on common resources?
Library Resourcejanvier, 2008Asie occidentale, Afrique septentrionale
The state of the Arab environment stands at a pivotal juncture with numerous environmental problems both current and imminently threatening the region. Among the major challenges being faced are water scarcity, land degradation and desertification, inadequate waste management, coastal and marine environment degradation and air pollution.
Library Resourcejanvier, 2005Soudan, Afrique sub-saharienne
Environmental degradation arising from the depletion of forest biodiversity and the resulting problems of soil erosion, water shortage, climate change and poverty, have become issues of global concern.
Library Resourcejanvier, 2015Soudan
This book is about the history of anthropology in Sudan. Contributors to the book represent different generations of anthropologists who at some point in time either taught at the department in Khartoum or had some sort of connection to it. They also represent different countries: Sudan, Norway, United Kingdom, United States, Germany, and France. Some contributors taught at the department during the 1960s and 1970s, and they represent different traditions of anthropology.
Library Resourcejanvier, 2007Iran, Liban, Asie occidentale, Afrique septentrionale
The Hima is a traditional system of resource tenure that has been practiced for more than 1400 years in the Arabian Peninsular. With the numerous deteriorations that came and halted advancement in the Arab world, and at times for different reasons, the Hima also declined. The progressive concepts of the Hima became hav been masked by the general regression suffered in the region and the recent advances accomplished by other countries, civilizations and people.
Library Resourcejanvier, 1995Israël, Asie occidentale, Afrique septentrionale
Paper explores the relationships between the following concepts under the conditions of Middle Eastern semi-arid ecosystems. Paper states that there are two apparent contradictions in the title of this paper. First, grazing by domestic livestock is often considered to be hostile to nature conservation, especially in semi-arid areas (the ongoing conflict between ranchers and environmentalists in western USA is just one contemporary example of this).
Library Resourcejanvier, 2011Ukraine, Kirghizistan, Fédération de Russie, Moldova, Bélarus, Tadjikistan, Turkménistan, Ouzbékistan, Kazakhstan, Arménie, Europe orientale, Europe, Afrique sub-saharienne, Asie occidentale, Amérique septentrionale, Afrique septentrionale, Asie orientale, Océanie, Asie méridionale, Amérique latine et Caraïbes
The global food system will experience an unprecedented combination of pressures over the next 40 years. Global population size will increase and competition for land, water and energy will intensify, while the effects of climate change will become increasingly apparent. Over this period, globalisation will continue, exposing the food system to novel economic and political pressures.This final report of the Foresight Global Food and Farming Futures Project argues that decisive action needs to take place now. The report identifies five considerable challenges ahead:
Library Resourcejanvier, 2012Europe, Afrique sub-saharienne, Afrique septentrionale, Asie orientale, Océanie, Asie occidentale, Amérique latine et Caraïbes
The Global Environment Facility (GEF) and the UN Development Programme (UNDP) have published this annual report on joint projects financed during 2011 on ecosystems and biodiversity preservation, green development strategies, and sustainable use of water and ocean resources, among other topics. The GEF financed and supported 323 UNDP projects in 2011.
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