This brief explores the reform of land tenure institutions which re-emerged in the 1990s, and asks if these reforms are any more gender sensitive than those of the past?The paper highlights that a focus of the recent reforms has been on land titling, designed to promote security of tenure and stimulate land markets. The reforms have often been driven by domestic and external neoliberal coalitions, with funding from global and regional organisations which have argued that private property rights are essential for a dynamic agricultural sector.
Résultats de la rechercheShowing items 1 through 9 of 16.
Library Resourcejanvier, 2005Ukraine, Kirghizistan, Fédération de Russie, Moldova, Bélarus, Afrique du Sud, Tadjikistan, Turkménistan, Ouzbékistan, République-Unie de Tanzanie, Kazakhstan, Arménie, Brésil, Afrique sub-saharienne, Amérique latine et Caraïbes
Library Resourcejanvier, 2011Ukraine, Kirghizistan, Fédération de Russie, Moldova, Bélarus, Tadjikistan, Turkménistan, Ouzbékistan, Kazakhstan, Arménie, Europe orientale, Europe, Afrique sub-saharienne, Asie occidentale, Amérique septentrionale, Afrique septentrionale, Asie orientale, Océanie, Asie méridionale, Amérique latine et Caraïbes
The global food system will experience an unprecedented combination of pressures over the next 40 years. Global population size will increase and competition for land, water and energy will intensify, while the effects of climate change will become increasingly apparent. Over this period, globalisation will continue, exposing the food system to novel economic and political pressures.This final report of the Foresight Global Food and Farming Futures Project argues that decisive action needs to take place now. The report identifies five considerable challenges ahead:
Library Resourcejanvier, 1995Slovénie, Europe orientale, Europe
At 3 to 4 percent a year, the displacement rate for the Slovenian labor force in 1990 93 was higher than that for the North American labor force during a major recession in the 1980s. But patterns of displacement were similar.Unusually rich administrative data sets covering both firms and workers enabled Orazem, Vodopivec, and Wu to study displacement in Slovenia during 1987 93.They describe displacement trends and the characteristics of displaced workers, comparing them to those in North America during a major recession.
Library Resourcejanvier, 2011Ouganda, Norvège, Europe orientale, Afrique sub-saharienne
This article estimates the poverty reducing impact of the recent land reforms and land transfers in the different land tenure systems of Uganda. Using balanced panel data for 309 households in 2001, 2003, and 2005, models that control for unobserved household heterogeneity and endogeneity of land acquisition and disposition are employed to measure the poverty-reduction effect of land on household expenditure per adult equivalent. Significant poverty reduction effects of increased land access in form of owned, operated and market-accessed land were found.
Library Resourcejanvier, 1999Albanie, Europe orientale, Europe
Describes (1) the processes of privatization of land management in selected transition countries and (2) the post-privatization changes in land administration institutions which are being crafted to establish land markets. It begins with the proposition that there are similar land market institutional problems which most "transition" countries are facing, due largely to common experiences in creating command economies during the past 50-80 years and the almost simultaneous decisions of these countries to move toward market political economies in the late 1980s and early 1990s.
Library Resourcejanvier, 2002Moldova, Tadjikistan, Turkménistan, Ukraine, Ouzbékistan, Kirghizistan, Fédération de Russie, Kazakhstan, Bélarus, Arménie
The five Central Asian countries that gained their independence at the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991 have followed different paths of transition to a market economy in the agricultural sector. Kyrgyzstan has been the most aggressive in restructuring agricultural enterprises, privatizing land, and promoting individual farming. Kazakstan and Turkmenistan have had similar legal and policy reforms, but implementation has lagged. Tajikistan's efforts
Library Resourcejanvier, 2011Qatar, Égypte, Nigéria, États-Unis d'Amérique, Ukraine, Kirghizistan, Indonésie, Brésil, Royaume-Uni, Ghana, Fédération de Russie, Moldova, Éthiopie, Bélarus, Mozambique, Laos, Turkménistan, Philippines, Libye, Tadjikistan, Émirats arabes unis, Ouzbékistan, Koweït, Argentine, Kazakhstan, Soudan, Bahreïn, Arménie, Arabie saoudite, Cambodge, Océanie, Asie occidentale, Europe, Asie orientale, Asie méridionale, Amérique latine et Caraïbes, Amérique septentrionale, Afrique septentrionale
Recent increases in the level of agricultural commodity prices and the resulting demand for land has been accompanied by a rising interest in acquiring agricultural land by investors. This paper studies the determinants of foreign land acquisition for large-scale agriculture.
Library Resourcejanvier, 2004Turkménistan, Tadjikistan, Kirghizistan, Ukraine, Ouzbékistan, Bélarus, Kazakhstan, Moldova, Arménie, Fédération de Russie, Europe
This paper examines how, over the past 10 years, Kyrgyzstan has privatised most of its agricultural land and distributed it to individual households. These households either farm alone or join together and farm cooperatively. This research seeks to examine whether women have been adversely affected in the process of privatisation, asset ownership, or business development.
Library Resourcejanvier, 2013Moldova, Tadjikistan, Turkménistan, Azerbaïdjan, Ouzbékistan, Ukraine, Kirghizistan, Fédération de Russie, Kazakhstan, Bélarus, Arménie
The Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) is sparking renewed interest and debate on issues such as transparency of government – company contracts, reporting on revenues from natural resources by company and by project, and reporting on revenue expenditure.
Library Resourcejanvier, 2003Laos, Bénin, Nigéria, Philippines, Pérou, Togo, Cameroun, Colombie, Ghana, Tchad, Roumanie, Papouasie-Nouvelle-Guinée, Europe orientale, Amérique latine et Caraïbes, Océanie, Afrique sub-saharienne, Asie orientale
This report reviews the experience and outcomes of the funding by International Financial Institutions (IFIs) of projects in the extractive industries. It presents short case studies of experiences in the Philippines, Laos, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Romania, Colombia, Chad, Cameroon, Nigeria, Benin, Togo, Ghana, which then uses to make recommendations.
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