Access to water and sanitation is one of the major challenges faced by populations affected by conflict or natural disasters. The following technical manuals developed by the Oxfam Public Health Engineering Team aim to enable the provision of a reliable water supply for populations affected by conflict or natural disaster. Descriptions are given of the individual water treatment procedure followed by step by step instructions for implementation using Oxfam water kits/equipment including safety procedures and other considerations. Procedures include:
Résultats de la rechercheShowing items 1 through 9 of 106.
Library Resourcejanvier, 2008
Library Resourcejanvier, 2007Chine, Myanmar, Asie orientale, Océanie
While increasing attention has been paid to Chinese attempts to secure natural resources overseas, the case of Burma has often been overlooked. This background provides a summary of the operations of Chinese multinational corporations (MNCs) in Burma in the hydro, oil & gas, and mining sectors. The research finds that more than 26 Chinese multinational corporations (MNCs) are involved in more than 62 hydropower, oil & gas, and mining projects in Burma. The report describes the activities of Chinese MNCs in Burma which include the following:
Library Resourcejanvier, 2007Indonésie, Congo
This paper investigates the extent to which private companies operating in conflict zones can contribute to Human Rights abuses. In addressing this issue, it focuses on four voluntary frameworks – the UN Global Compact, the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises, the Global Reporting Initiative and, most relevantly, the Voluntary Principles on Security and Human Rights.The research finds that:
Library Resourcejanvier, 2007Afrique du Sud, Afrique sub-saharienne
Although there are many uncertainties around quantitative assessments of climate change impact and water resource management, what is certain is that the climate is changing and this will have an effect on water resources.
This case study considers the economic consequences of water resource scarcity, particularly as it relates to the poor and small municipalities. The author is concerned that, in the case of water, economic principles where price adjustments to an increasingly scarce resource will balance demand, do not apply.
Library Resourcejanvier, 2007Congo, Afrique sub-saharienne
Does Anvil Mining, a multinational company which has been extracting copper since 2002 from a mine in Dikulushi impact positively or negatively on the lives or rights of the local populations? The study argues that the impact of Anvil has been not been as problematic compared to other mining companies as the company has been adhering to relevant national and international norms and standards such as the OECD guiding principles. The study also points out that the authorities need to do more to makes sure international and national standards and norms are respected.
Library Resourcejanvier, 2008Népal, Mauritanie, Mali, Chine, Ouzbékistan, Inde, Tchad, Europe orientale, Afrique sub-saharienne, Amérique latine et Caraïbes, Asie méridionale
Across vast areas of the world, human activity has degraded once fertile and productive land. Deforestation, overgrazing, continuous farming and poor irrigation practices have affected almost 2 billion hectares worldwide, threatening the health and livelihoods of over one billion people. In this edition of New Agriculturist, a collection of articles explores some of the approaches and policies that can help to successfully rehabilitate degraded land.
Library Resourcejanvier, 2007
The current debate on climate change, its impacts on socio-ecological systems and the role of agriculture has shifted from an emphasis on how to mitigate the effects of increasing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions to how to prepare and adapt to the expected adverse impacts. This follows the recognition that the climate is already changing as a result of mankind’s activities and there is little that can be done to prevent further increases in atmospheric concentrations of GHG in the short term.
Library Resourcejanvier, 2008Soudan, Afrique sub-saharienne
Oil is a principal factor in Sudanese politics. However, rather than contributing to an environment of peace and equitable development, it remains a source of strife and division.This dossier provides an overview of Sudan’s oil industry and serves as a background document about the country’s contentious oil issues. The tables with data in the first two chapters help the reader to get a picture of Sudan’s oil industry.
Library Resourcejanvier, 2007Afrique sub-saharienne
This thesis, is based on the follwing legs of argument, as follows:
The pastoral human population is growing at about 2.5% per year
A certain minimum number of livestock are needed to support these humans as pastoralists, even at very low levels of welfare.
The maximum total pastoral herd size is limited by the amount of livestock feed available. Where numbers temporarily exceed this limit they soon die back.
Library Resourcejanvier, 2007Tchad, Cameroun, Afrique sub-saharienne
This report assesses the role of the World Bank in the funding and management of the Chad-Cameroon oil and pipeline project. The report argues that the project has fueled violence, impoverished people in the oil fields and along the pipeline route, exacerbated the pressures on indigenous peoples and created new environmental problems. The report highlights how the World Bank’s Implementation Completion Report (ICR) is inconsistent with other independent reports on the project.
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