Résultats de la recherche | Land Portal

Résultats de la recherche

Showing items 1 through 9 of 3078.
  1. Library Resource
    janvier, 2023
    États-Unis d'Amérique

    One of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) is reducing food loss and waste (FLW) across all stages of food value chains, including the on-farm production, the off-farm postharvest, processing, and distribution, and the household consumption stages. We employ general equilibrium models for Bangladesh, Kenya, and Nigeria to assess the economywide implications of reducing FLW at different stages of value chains. Halving FLW results in GDP increases of between 1.1 and 2 percent, with up to 13 million people lifted out of poverty across the three countries.

  2. Library Resource
    janvier, 2023
    États-Unis d'Amérique

    International food prices have become increasingly volatile in recent decades, with “global food crises” in 2008, 2011 and most recently in 2022. The 2008 crisis prompted international agencies to ambitiously extend their monitoring of domestic food prices in developing countries to strengthen early warning systems and food and nutrition surveillance. However, food inflation by itself is not sufficient for measuring disposable income or food affordability; for that, one must measure either changes in income or changes in an income proxy.

  3. Library Resource
    janvier, 2023
    Bermudes

    Plant genetic resources (PGR), including collections held in national and international gene banks, provide access to a wide array of genetic diversity and are critical to genomics research, conservation efforts, and applied breeding. Yet, there is a general lack of awareness in the research community about the rules and treaties that govern the use of PGR, about access and benefit sharing obligations contained in international treaties and/or national laws, and about how best to comply with potentially applicable requirements.

  4. Library Resource
    janvier, 2023
    États-Unis d'Amérique

    This study utilizes a recursive dynamic general equilibrium model calibrated with data for Tanzania to explore the link between agricultural and rural development spending and four development outcomes: economic growth, job creation, poverty reduction, and diet quality. Results show that no single expenditure option is the most effective in achieving all four desired development outcomes for Tanzania.

  5. Library Resource
    janvier, 2023
    États-Unis d'Amérique

    To fully benefit from new agricultural technologies like improved seed varieties, significant investment in complementary inputs such as fertilizers and pesticides, and practices such as systematic planting, irrigation, and weeding are also required. Farmers may fail to recognize the importance of these complements, leading to unsatisfactory crop yields and outputs and, eventually, dis-adoption of the variety.

  6. Library Resource
    janvier, 2023
    États-Unis d'Amérique

    Titukulane was designed to reduce the number of chronically food insecure households by enhancing the capacities of local and national governance structures to implement resilience-focused policies. To achieve this Titukulane is implementing interventions that build resilience and improve food security and nutrition outcomes for communities. Specifically, under Purpose area 3, these interventions are aimed at building institutional and local capacities to reduce risk and increase resilience among ultra-poor and chronically vulnerable households.

  7. Library Resource
    janvier, 2023
    États-Unis d'Amérique

    Fragility, Conflict, and Migration addresses challenges to livelihood, food, and climate security faced by some of the most vulnerable populations worldwide. The Initiative focuses on building climate resilience, promoting gender equity, and fostering social inclusion. It forms part of CGIAR’s new Research Portfolio, delivering science and innovation to transform food, land, and water systems in a climate crisis.

  8. Library Resource
    janvier, 2023
    États-Unis d'Amérique

    Support to agriculture producers is provided in different forms, including border measures, domestic subsidies, and income transfers from taxpayers to producers. International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) maintains a harmonized database on nominal rate of protection (NRP) for the AgIncentives Consortium (www.ag-incentives.org) constituted by OECD (Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development), FAO, IFPRI, the Inter-American Development Bank (IADB), and the World Bank.

  9. Library Resource
    janvier, 2023
    États-Unis d'Amérique

    Agricultural and food policies are increasingly asked to do more to improve the dietary quality of populations in lower and middle income countries (LMICs), especially severely malnourished rural populations. However, the appropriate strategy for improving diet quality remains an open question. Agriculture has traditionally focused on food security and poverty reduction, mostly through investments in staple crops, while social protection programs have also sought to improve diets through poverty reduction.

  10. Library Resource
    janvier, 2023
    États-Unis d'Amérique

    Africa is one of the lowest contributors to greenhouse gas emissions causing climate change, yet key development sectors
    have already experienced widespread losses and damages attributable to human-induced climate change, including biodiversity loss, water shortages, reduced food production, loss of lives and reduced economic growth (high confidence).

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