The violent struggle to control territory for economic, military and political reasons, coupled with high levels of rural poverty and the high concentration of land ownership among relatively few owners, has been one of the root causes of Colombia’s 50-year-old internal armed conflict. There has been an insatiable appetite amongst numerous actors in Colombia to gain and maintain control over land deemed critical to their varying interests.
Résultats de la rechercheShowing items 1 through 9 of 1155.
Library Resourcejanvier, 2014Colombie
Library Resourcejanvier, 2012Indonésie, Asie orientale, Océanie, Asie méridionale
This policy-brief examines a two year moratorium on new permits for primary natural forest and peat land that came into force in Indonesia on May 20th 2011. The brief aims to inform a range of decision-making actors in developing countries about the nature of improved forestry management in the face of a changing climate. It is asserted that the moratorium demonstrates progress in the areas of: data transparency, industry buy-in, political support and institutional co-ordination.
Library Resourcejanvier, 2014Amérique latine et Caraïbes
This objective of this study is to augment the regional and international dialogue on the Green Economy in the context of inclusive and sustainable development. It sets out a path to transition to a greener economy with a sector-approach.
Library ResourceDocuments de politique et mémoiresjanvier, 2004Afrique sub-saharienne
In this note of food security and land tenure security in Lesotho, the authors present arguments in favour of the enactment and implementation of a legislation in Lesotho that will enhance land tenure security in the country.
Library Resourcejanvier, 2013République de Corée
The agricultural policies after Independence in South Korea can be roughly classified into three policies: policies for food increase till the 1970s, policies for structural improvement in the 1980s and 1990s, and policies for rice production adjustment in the 2000s. In the process, a policy for price support to encourage food production and increase farmer income, the policies for modernization of production processes, and the policies for expanding the scale of management were made and implemented.
Library Resourcejanvier, 2015Afrique du Sud
South Africans assumed on 27 April 1994 that their vote for freedom would erase the ethnic enclaves known as ‘Bantustans’ or ‘homelands’ and guarantee a common citizenship with equal rights under one law. Officially, the 10 homelands were dismantled under the interim constitution that introduced democracy in 1994, paving the way for the reversal of the dispossession that had been entrenched by the 1913 and 1936 land acts. Instead, 20 years later, a series of laws, bills and policies proposes a separate legal regime for people within the boundaries of those former Bantustans.
Library Resourcejanvier, 1999Kenya, Afrique sub-saharienne
This review explores environmental change in northern and south-central Kenya, roughly covering three decades from the 1960s to the 1990s. The report answers three questions:has vegetation change occurred in these districts?if vegetation change has occurred, why and how has this happened?what are the trends for livestock populations?The article concludes that:rangeland sites have been fundamentally altered by woody encroachment over the past 40 years.
Library Resourcejanvier, 2008
Access to water and sanitation is one of the major challenges faced by populations affected by conflict or natural disasters. The following technical manuals developed by the Oxfam Public Health Engineering Team aim to enable the provision of a reliable water supply for populations affected by conflict or natural disaster. Descriptions are given of the individual water treatment procedure followed by step by step instructions for implementation using Oxfam water kits/equipment including safety procedures and other considerations. Procedures include:
Library Resourcejanvier, 1989États-Unis d'Amérique, Afrique sub-saharienne, Amérique septentrionale, Amérique latine et Caraïbes
It is clear from the failure of our efforts in many countries to halt the desertification process - deserts are now advancing at a rate of nearly 15,000,000 acres a year worldwide (Worrall 1984) (that something was missing in our knowledge of the problem). Four discoveries have been made that enabled us to design a simple holistic model to manage resources successfully in a sustained and economic manner.
Library Resourcejanvier, 2016Afrique sub-saharienne
A low-intensity dispute between Malawi and Tanzania threatens regional peace as the two countries contest the demarcation of their national boundaries at Lake Malawi. This long-standing dispute became more urgent when in 2011 the Malawian government issued licences for oil prospecting beneath the lake’s northern shoreline. Although tensions have waxed and waned in accordance with the respective countries’ election cycles, both seek a speedy resolution of this dispute.
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