Résultats de la recherche | Land Portal

Résultats de la recherche

Showing items 1 through 9 of 1181.
  1. Library Resource
    Rapports et recherches
    janvier, 2005
    Chine, Asie méridionale, Inde

    "Like many developing countries, China and India followed development strategies biased in favor of the urban sector over the last several decades. These development schemes have led to overall efficiency losses due to misallocation of resources among rural and urban sectors. It also led to large income gaps between rural and urban areas. The urban bias was greater in China than in India. Indeed, official data show that both the income gap and the difference in poverty rates between rural and urban areas are much larger in China than in India.

  2. Library Resource
    Rapports et recherches
    janvier, 2005
    Ghana

    We examine access to, use of, and participation in decisions on improved water supply in the Volta basin of Ghana, one of the first countries to introduce a community-based approach to rural water supply on a large scale. While 71 percent of the households interviewed have access to improved water, 43 percent of these continue to use unsafe sources as their main domestic water source. Our results indicate that quality perceptions and opportunity costs play an important role in households’ choice of water source.

  3. Library Resource
    Documents de politique et mémoires
    janvier, 2005
    Bangladesh, Asie méridionale, Éthiopie, Indonésie, Kenya, Pérou

    This paper examines how market institutions can affect links between urban and rural areas with specific emphasis on goods market integration in the national context.Traditionally, development researchers and practitioners have focused either on rural market development or on urban market development without considering the interdependencies and synergies between the two.

  4. Library Resource
    janvier, 2005
    Ouganda, Afrique orientale

    Debates around Common Property Resources and Intellectual Property Rights fail to consider traditional and indigenous rights regimes that regulate plant resource exploitation, establish bundles of powers and obligations for heterogeneous groups of users, and create differential entitlements to benefits that are related to social structures. Such rights regimes are important to maintaining biodiversity and to human welfare; failing to recognize them presents dangers.

  5. Library Resource
    janvier, 2005
    Afrique

    "Although achieving in situ conservation is possible without changing farmers’ customary management of crops as common pool resources, an alternative approach is to negotiate a bioprospecting contract with providers of the resource that involves direct payment and royalties. This bioprospecting mechanism implies a change in the customary treatment of crop genetic resources as common pool goods and is in line with national ownership mandated by the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD).

  6. Library Resource
    Articles et Livres
    janvier, 2004
    Mozambique, Afrique

    This report has very focused objectives. It seeks to present the methodology and results of the poverty analysis of the 2002-03 IAF as well as comparisons with the 1996-97 survey results. The results point to a substantially improved poverty picture relative to 1996-97. The national poverty headcount, defined as the share of the population living in poverty, declines to 54 percent, a 15 percentage point decline from the levels registered in 1996-97.

  7. Library Resource
    Documents de politique et mémoires
    janvier, 2004

    La teoría de Garret Hardin, “la tragedia de los comunes”, usa como ejemplo las tierras de pastoreo para sostener que cuando mucha gente tiene acceso al mismo recurso existe la posibilidad de que las personas sobreexploten el recurso y no inviertan suficientemente en él. Esta teoría ha suscitado un debate sobre la eficacia de la gestión de la propiedad común de los recursos, especialmente en relación con las tierras de pastoreo.

  8. Library Resource
    janvier, 2004

    Globalization could and should benefit developing countries. But unlike a rising tide that lifts all boats, large and small, globalization is unequal. It has fallen far short of its much-ballyhooed potential to help the world’s poorest people out of poverty. Instead, a combination of policies in both rich and poor countries creates conditions for the rich to prosper and many of the poor to fall more deeply into destitution. Agricultural protectionism in rich countries enables them to skew markets in their favor. Tariffs and trade barriers routinely exclude developing-country products.

  9. Library Resource
    Articles et Livres
    janvier, 2005

    Internationally there is growing understanding that water rights are important and that a lack of effective water rights systems creates major problems for the management of increasingly scarce water supplies. However, discussion of water rights has often failed to recognize the range of available institutional options, the rich diversity of lessons from experience, and the need for appropriate flexibility in adapting institutional design to dynamic local conditions.

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