Résultats de la recherche | Land Portal

Résultats de la recherche

Showing items 1 through 9 of 1181.
  1. Library Resource
    Rapports et recherches
    janvier, 2004
    Chine

    "A key objective of China's reform program was to reduce distortions in the economic system and enhance growth. However, when implemented in incremental and partial ways, local governments or individuals have chance to capture rents inherent in the reform process. Young (2000) warned that the rent-seeking behavior might lead to increasing market fragmentation. Empirical studies have since shown that this did not happen in the product markets.

  2. Library Resource
    Rapports et recherches
    janvier, 2005
    Éthiopie, Afrique orientale

    "This paper uses longitudinal data from 15 villages in rural Ethiopia to explore the nature and consequences of these links. It addresses the following questions: (1) What are the links between rural households and local urban centers? (2) Does better access to local market towns affect household economic behavior? and (3) Does better access to local market towns make households better off? ...In our results, market towns and cities are an important source of demand for products produced in rural areas, and rural residents are a source of demand for goods sold in urban areas.

  3. Library Resource
    Documents de politique et mémoires
    janvier, 2004

    Aunque muchos de los pobres en el mundo en desarrollo no tienen tierras, la mayoría de ellos tienen algún acceso a la tierra. Estos “minifundistas pobres” siguen siendo pobres no sólo porque su propiedad es pequeña, sino también porque sus derechos a la tierra son débiles e inseguros. La inseguridad que sienten debilita sus incentivos para hacer inversiones a largo plazo en sus tierras o para usarla de manera sostenible. Sus tierras tienen un valor económico limitado porque no las pueden transferir legalmente.

  4. Library Resource
    Documents de politique et mémoires
    janvier, 2004

    Alrededor del 40% de los alimentos del mundo y el 60% de sus granos se producen utilizando métodos de irrigación. Entre los años 1900 y 1950, la superficie total irrigada a través del mundo entero prácticamente se duplicó, aumentando aproximadamente de 48 millones a 94 millones de hectáreas. Hacia el año 2000, la superficie había aumentado nuevamente más del doble, alcanzando 240 millones de hectáreas. Esta expansión dramática de las zonas irrigadas ha dado lugar a una infraestructura enorme y costosa.

  5. Library Resource
    janvier, 2005
    Malawi

    "As in many Sub-Saharan countries, the issue of orphan-care has risen to the top of social protection agenda in Malawi, where the prevalence of orphaned children has dramatically increased because of early deaths of parents infected by the HIV/AIDS virus...In Malawi, most orphans, whether in rural or urban areas, live in households of the surviving parent or close relatives, not in institutional homes.

  6. Library Resource
    Rapports et recherches
    janvier, 2005
    Chine

    Since 1985, the Chinese government has given high priority to building roads, particularly high-quality roads that connect industrial centers. This report evaluates the contribution roads have made to poverty reduction and economic growth in China over the last two decades. It disaggregates road infrastructure into different classes to account for differences in their quality, and then estimates the impact of road investments on overall economic growth, agricultural growth, urban growth, urban poverty reduction, and rural poverty reduction.

  7. Library Resource
    On farm conservation of rice biodiversity in Nepal: a simultaneous estimation approach cover image
    Rapports et recherches
    janvier, 2005
    Népal

    "This paper presents an empirical case study about farmer management of rice genetic resources in two communities of Nepal, drawing on interdisciplinary, participatory research that involved farmers, rice geneticists, and social scientists. The decision-making process of farm households is modeled and estimated in order to provide information for the design of community-based conservation programs.

  8. Library Resource
    janvier, 2004

    Most land-based livelihoods rely on having secure access to land, a precondition for sustainable agriculture, economic growth and poverty reduction. This working paper examines the state of knowledge with regard to aspects of land reform- redistributive reform, land tenure reform, and the issue of land markets. It also addresses issues that remain unknown in areas of land and social equity, land administration, and land tax.Redistributive land reform aims to bring about an equitable distribution of land and the political power emanating from it.

  9. Library Resource
    janvier, 2005
    Afrique du Sud

    Does providing increased access to secure property rights have a positive impact on people's livelihoods? This policy brief questions Hernando de Soto's contention that capitalism can be made to work for the poor, through formalising their property rights in houses, land and small businesses.

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