Résultats de la recherche | Land Portal

Résultats de la recherche

Showing items 1 through 9 of 87.
  1. Library Resource
    Documents de politique et mémoires
    mars, 2004
    Afrique, Amérique centrale, Amérique du Sud

    The last decade has seen the emergence of a number of innovative community level initiatives inAsia, Africa and Latin America for agrobiodiversity development and conservation.Traditional knowledge systems form and integral part of many of these programs.However, there is still a considerable lack of awareness of the importance of traditionalagrobiodiversity knowledge systems and of the successes of these new initiatives within formalscience institutions.

  2. Library Resource
    Documents de politique et mémoires
    décembre, 2004

    Many cases of externalities in agricultural production, such as pesticide drift, cross-pollination, and offensive odors, are attributable to the incompatibility of neighboring land uses and exhibit distance dependence. We characterize equilibrium spatial patterns of externality-generating and -receiving land uses on a two-dimensional lattice with noncooperative, profit-maximizing producers.

  3. Library Resource
    Documents de politique et mémoires
    décembre, 2004
    États-Unis d'Amérique

    Since 1992, the European Union has protected high-quality agricultural products based on geographical origin using designations of geographical indications (GIs). U.S. producers and processors can obtain a type of trademark called a certification mark, which provides similar protections to that of GIs but protects products only within the United States. In the current round of the World Trade Organization (WTO) negotiations, the European Union and other countries are seeking to expand protection through GIs. If they achieve the full range of protection they are seeking, many U.S.

  4. Library Resource
    Documents de politique et mémoires
    décembre, 2004

    The study develops a conceptual framework for analyzing the allocation of conservation funds via selectively offering incentive payments to farmers for enrolling in one of two mutually exclusive agricultural conservation programs: retiring land from production or changing farming practices on land that remains in production. We investigate how the existence of a pre-fixed budget allocation between the programs affects the amounts of environmental benefits obtainable under alternative policy implementation schemes.

  5. Library Resource
    Documents de politique et mémoires
    décembre, 2004

    This report is a summary of the data contained on the farmland sales portion of the Minnesota Land Economics (MLE) web site (http://www.apec.umn.edu/landeconomics) as of April 29, 2004. It is formally reissued each Spring, as new sales data become available. We no longer distribute a separate farm real estate report in the Minnesota Agricultural Economist (now the Minnesota Applied Economist: http://www.apec.umn.edu/MnApEc).

  6. Library Resource
    Documents de politique et mémoires
    décembre, 2004

    Public recreation land management agencies have been searching for ways to increase revenue. User fees as implemented by the Fee Demonstration Program have received the most attention. Corporate sponsorships and private donations have also been implemented and other options, such as partial privatization, closure of some areas, and different forms of public-private partnerships have been debated.

  7. Library Resource
    Documents de politique et mémoires
    décembre, 2004

    In this paper we put forth some empirical evidence from the Brazilian Amazon that the relationship between roads and land clearing may be much more complex than the conventional wisdom implies. In particular we find that in areas that already at least partially cleared, improving the road network (i.e. decreasing transport costs) may actually decrease the rate of deforestation. We argue that our methodology of explicitly modeling the dynamics should be preferred to the more common static, contemporaneous analyses found in the literature.

  8. Library Resource
    Documents de politique et mémoires
    décembre, 2004

    We establish a procedure to track the tax valuation history of properties that are fully or partially restricted with conservation easements to test the assertion that easements result in lower property valuations. Easements didn't decrease property valuations; they merely decreased the rate of value for the affected properties. On average, the restricted properties' valuations increased at a rate lower than did those for unrestricted properties - but not always, and certainly not uniformly.

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