Résultats de la recherche | Land Portal

Résultats de la recherche

Showing items 1 through 9 of 1156.
  1. Library Resource
    janvier, 2003
    Brésil, Amérique latine et Caraïbes

    This paper examines the marginalization of women's land rights by governmental institutions and rural women's movements in Brazil.

  2. Library Resource
    janvier, 1997
    Malawi, Europe, Afrique sub-saharienne

    Malawi’ s smallholder agriculture is facing a crisis, particularly in the more populated south. There is an insidious combination of land shortage, continuous cultivation of maize, declining soil fertility, low yields, deforestation, poverty and high population growth rate. Smallholder farmers are doing what they can to maintain household livelihoods under these difficult circumstances, however many of their actions, which are necessary for short term survival, such as the cultivation of hillsides, are not sustainable in the long term.

  3. Library Resource
    janvier, 2004
    Afrique sub-saharienne

    This document summarises the proceedings from a conference organised by International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) , Natural Resource insitute (NRI) and the Royal African Society in November 2004.The conference brought together a wide range of interest groups including, African policy makers, academics and civil society representatives, as well as representatives of the private sector and international agencies, to debate the way ahead for land rights and land reforms in Africa.

  4. Library Resource
    janvier, 2005
    Ukraine, Kirghizistan, Fédération de Russie, Moldova, Bélarus, Afrique du Sud, Tadjikistan, Turkménistan, Ouzbékistan, République-Unie de Tanzanie, Kazakhstan, Arménie, Brésil, Afrique sub-saharienne, Amérique latine et Caraïbes

    This brief explores the reform of land tenure institutions which re-emerged in the 1990s, and asks if these reforms are any more gender sensitive than those of the past?The paper highlights that a focus of the recent reforms has been on land titling, designed to promote security of tenure and stimulate land markets. The reforms have often been driven by domestic and external neoliberal coalitions, with funding from global and regional organisations which have argued that private property rights are essential for a dynamic agricultural sector.

  5. Library Resource
    janvier, 2009

    Trade in ethanol is increasing, and raises the need for the classification of various biofuels within frameworks such as the WTO. With that being said, this paper wonders how do biofuels policies and programs fit within the WTO’s stated goals of liberalisation. In addition, it examines the effects of the rapid biofuels expansion on the prices of grains, and the effects triggered in the livestock industries. The paper indicates that the biofuels industry affects and is affected by government policies in countries around the globe.

  6. Library Resource
    janvier, 2008
    Philippines

    The main objective of the paper is to explore possible institutional arrangements among the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program (CARP), Philippines, implementing agencies in a post-2008 transition scenario for CARP. There were three reasons cited for the implementation of the agrarian reform program, namely: (i) to increase productivity, (ii) to reduce inequality particularly in the countryside, and (iii) to address one of the main causes of the persistent Communist insurgency in the country.

  7. Library Resource
    janvier, 2009
    Népal, Asie méridionale

    This paper looks for the possible explanations for the land productivity differential between high caste and low caste farm households in Nepal. The paper indicates that caste position still plays a vital role in rural areas of Nepal.The paper finds that: land productivity is higher among low caste households. However, in case of owner-operated plots, the land productivity differential between low caste and high caste is found to be insignificant after controlling for land quality and household characteristics. This difference remains highly significant in case of rented in plots.

  8. Library Resource
    janvier, 2001
    Afrique sub-saharienne

    Forty per cent of sub-Saharan Africa's population live on less than a dollar a day and more than seventy per cent are currently without adequate shelter, so what has property got to do with it? This paper attempts to highlight the need for Africa to develop the necessary institutions to support the property and construction sectors, to facilitate infrastructure delivery and promote sustainable growth and development.The authors highlight the fact that Africa, whilst being well endowed with natural resources their capital markets remain underdeveloped.

  9. Library Resource
    janvier, 2006
    Afrique sub-saharienne

    Land tenure reform remains a key policy issue in Africa, given the large proportion of people relying on land and natural resources for their livelihoods. This paper addresses the exclusionary nature of many processes around land, which can lead to social divisions.

  10. Library Resource
    janvier, 2012
    Amérique latine et Caraïbes

    Market solutions based on the trade of carbon offset credits remain a dominant feature in international climate change negotiations. This paper undertakes a preliminary assessment of potential of climate change mitigation projects by evaluating Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects related to agriculture and land use change in Latin America. Results suggest that potential benefits of carbon markets in the agriculture and forestry sectors are often overstated, with failures in the areas of additionality, project accountability and sustainable development.

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