Résultats de la recherche | Land Portal

Résultats de la recherche

Showing items 1 through 9 of 1710.
  1. Library Resource
    Articles et Livres
    décembre, 2018
    Cambodge, Laos, Myanmar, Thaïlande, Viet Nam

    The Mekong region – Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar, Thailand, and Vietnam – is in the midst of profound social and environmental change. Despite rapid urbanization, the region remains predominantly rural. More than 60 per cent of its population live in rural areas, and the vast majority of these people are engaged in agriculture. Due to rapid growth of its agricultural sector, the Mekong region has become a global centre of production and trade for commodities such as rubber, rice, cassava, wood, sugar cane, and palm oil.

  2. Library Resource
    Articles et Livres
    avril, 2019

    This paper investigates how large-scale land acquisitions (LSLAs) can be governed to avoid underuse and thereby spare room for other land claims, specifically nature conservation. LSLA underuse occurs when land in LSLAs is not converted to its intended use. Taking Cambodia as a case, we map converted and unconverted areas within LSLAs using remote sensing. We develop three scenarios of alternative LSLA policies until 2040, and use a land system change model to evaluate how governing the underuse of LSLAs affects overall land use.

  3. Library Resource
    Rapports et recherches
    novembre, 2019
    Cambodge, Sénégal

    textabstractAdaptation and security framings have gained traction not only to explain the causal chains and impacts of environmental change and/or migration, but also to justify land intensive interventions to address them. Despite progress in the understanding of the complex links between environmental change and migration, academic and policy analyses have paid scarce attention to the ways in which environmental and migration narratives are (re)shaping access to fundamental natural resources and changing migration dynamics in the process.

  4. Library Resource
    Rapports et recherches
    avril, 2014

    Community forestry (CF) and Community Protected Areas (CPA) have been established for well over a decade in Siem Reap province. The study investigates the socioeconomic benefits gained by CPA and CF members from their participation in Community-Based Resources Management CBNRM. In CBNRM, local communities are responsible for the management of local resources. However, many CBNRM initiatives in Cambodia are more controlled by government than by communities. The report analyzes and compares two communities and the results of their CBNRM practices.

  5. Library Resource
    Rapports et recherches
    novembre, 2006

    Uncontrolled development was threatening to destroy the forest environment
    and the traditional way of life of the hill people of Ratanakiri. Researchers
    worked with the villagers to produce unique maps and resource use plans
    that convinced the government of the people’s traditional resource use and
    management rights, and eventually set an example for inclusion in new land
    tenure legislation for the nation.

  6. Library Resource
    Rapports et recherches
    avril, 2015
    Chine, Cambodge, Laos

    The Cambodian government allowed 1,204,750 hectares as economic land concession (ELC) to 118 local and international companies. Global Witness reported that 2.6 million ha had been given in 272 ELCs, mainly for rubber plantations. Many concessionaires do not comply with their contracts, nor with existing land and forest laws. Government revenues from timber exports are extremely low. Deforestation, and removal of luxury timbers has increased dramatically. Land concessions rob local communities of their income from non-timber forest products.

  7. Library Resource
    Documents de politique et mémoires
    décembre, 2014

    The conversion of lands used for food crop production to other uses, the ongoing expansion of cultivated areas, and the situation of unused or under-used cropland in Cambodia needs to become closely regulated. The problem of unused and under-used agricultural lands being held for speculative purposes requires serious attention. Specific policy actions could include promulgating agricultural land law and land-use regulations and creating a national Agricultural Land Research and Development authority. These and other recommendations are proposed in this policy brief.

  8. Library Resource
    Rapports et recherches
    décembre, 2005
    Cambodge, Philippines

    The study explores the relationship between decentralization and conflict, comparing two case studies in Cambodia and the Philippines. It addresses to what degree and in what ways decentralization influences conflicts that are related to natural resources management (NRM), especially where local institutions are often unrepresentative of, and unaccountable to local communities. In developing countries, the research indicates that sufficient time is an essential component for bringing about genuine and effective local governance, as well as being a means for averting conflict.

  9. Library Resource
    Matériels institutionnels et promotionnels
    décembre, 2010
    Indonésie, Inde, Cambodge, Népal, Philippines, Viet Nam

    Ten IDRC-supported community forestry projects in six countries were selected for this synthesis study. A sizable part of the rural population in these countries are designated as ‘encroachers’ or ‘trespassers’ in the ‘forest.’ Many of these forest users claim long standing customary rights to the area, some of which are formally recognized in state law, but seldom in practice.

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