Résultats de la recherche | Land Portal

Résultats de la recherche

Showing items 1 through 9 of 87.
  1. Library Resource
    Documents de politique et mémoires
    décembre, 2004

    In this brief, we explore the role that social institutions -specifically property rights and collective action - may play in the development of agroforestry.... In the future, property rights and collective action will play increasingly pivotal roles in defining rights and responsibilities over the externalities of tree management practices.

  2. Library Resource
    Documents de politique et mémoires
    décembre, 2004
    Afrique occidentale, Afrique sub-saharienne, Afrique, Burkina Faso

    "This paper describes the emergence of improved traditional planting pits (zaï) in Burkina Faso in the early 1980s as well as their advantages, disadvantages and impact. The zaï emerged in a context of recurrent droughts and frequent harvest failures, which triggered farmers to start improving this local practice. Despair triggered experimentation and innovation by farmers. These processes were supported and complemented by external intervention. Between 1985 and 2000 substantial public investment has taken place in soil and water conservation (SWC).

  3. Library Resource
    Documents de politique et mémoires
    décembre, 2004

    Las instituciones de acción colectiva y los sistemas de derechos de propiedad moldean la forma en que la gente usa los recursos naturales.A su vez, estos patrones de uso afectan los resultados de los sistemas de producción agrícola de la gente. Juntos, los mecanismos de acción colectiva y los sistemas de derechos de propiedad definen los incentivos a los que la gente accede por llevar a cabo estrategias de gestión sostenible y productiva, y afectan el nivel y distribución de los beneficios de los recursos naturales.

  4. Library Resource
    Documents de politique et mémoires
    décembre, 2004

    This brief defines property rights and collective action and discusses the links to sustainability of natural resource management and agricultural systems and to poverty reduction, as well as the implications for policy and practice.

  5. Library Resource

    history, farmer practice, and impacts

    Documents de politique et mémoires
    décembre, 2004
    Afrique orientale, Afrique sub-saharienne, Afrique, Kenya

    This case study explores the development, dissemination, adoption, and impact of improved tree fallows in rural western Kenya. The processes of technology development and dissemination throughout the region are described and analyzed. To analyze adoption and impact, the paper applies a variety of different data collection methods as well as samples from both pilot areas where researchers maintained a significant presence and non-pilot areas where farmers learned of the technologies through other channels.

  6. Library Resource
    Documents de politique et mémoires
    décembre, 2004
    Cambodge, Laos, Myanmar, Thaïlande, Viet Nam

    The overall objectives of the study were to collect and analyse LUP methodologies in the 4 countries and to assess the experiences and lessons learned during implementation. The comparative assessment would include land use planning approaches at various levels, ranging from participatory village level LUP activities to the elaboration of land use master plans at provincial or even regional level. Finally, recommendations were to be formulated for the countries as well as for the sub-region as a whole.

  7. Library Resource
    Documents de politique et mémoires
    décembre, 2004
    Cambodge, Indonésie, Laos, Malaisie, Myanmar, Philippines, Thaïlande, Viet Nam

    Rice is a very important commodity in our lives, as it is the staple food of about 3 billion, or three quarters, of the people in the world. Two hundred fi fty million farmers depend on rice cultivation. Ninety percent of the world’s rice is produced and consumed in Asia.


  8. Library Resource
    Documents de politique et mémoires
    janvier, 2005

    "Policies built on presumptions of separateness or on traditional notions of urban and rural livelihoods diminish the possibilities for economic growth and poverty reduction. More effective policies will take the diversity of livelihoods along the continuum into account and also appreciate the differences among urban and rural areas and the links between them. Focusing on the connections between urban and rural areas can help to reframe our understanding of development in these areas.

  9. Library Resource
    Documents de politique et mémoires
    janvier, 2005

    Recent research provides insights into how rural conditions and livelihood strategies are changing, often in response to ongoing processes of economic transformation and urbanization. The research highlights the importance of close connections with urban areas and suggests how policies and programs can support the positive dynamics of change.

  10. Library Resource
    Documents de politique et mémoires
    janvier, 2005

    The topic of family farms has been gaining prominence in the academic, policy, and donor communities in recent years. Small farms dominate the agricultural landscape in the developing world, providing the largest source of employment and income to the rural poor, yet smallholders remain highly susceptible to poverty and hunger. With the advance of globalization and greater integration of agricultural markets, the need for increases in agricultural productivity for family farms is particularly pressing.

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