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Résultats de la recherche

Showing items 1 through 9 of 87.
  1. Library Resource
    Documents de politique et mémoires
    décembre, 2004

    The notion of a reservation value is a key feature of most contemporary dynamic and stochastic models of land development. It is clear that the magnitude of the reservation value has a fundamental bearing on the decision to develop or preserve land. This notwithstanding, many papers that analyze land development in a dynamic and stochastic setting treat a landowner’s reservation value as an exogenous variable. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to endogenize the reservation value in the context of a model of land development over time and under uncertainty.

  2. Library Resource
    Documents de politique et mémoires
    décembre, 2004

    Land costs account for a significant proportion of the total costs for many agricultural products that are traded internationally, especially for the major grain crops that the U.S. exports in competition with several other countries. For owner-operators, a common form of tenure in the U.S. and most other countries, most land costs are implicit and involve few cash outlays, i.e., are opportunity costs that are important in the long-run but that may not affect production decisions in the short-run.

  3. Library Resource
    Documents de politique et mémoires
    décembre, 2004

    We establish a procedure to track the tax valuation history of properties that are fully or partially restricted with conservation easements to test the assertion that easements result in lower property valuations. Easements didn't decrease property valuations; they merely decreased the rate of value for the affected properties. On average, the restricted properties' valuations increased at a rate lower than did those for unrestricted properties - but not always, and certainly not uniformly.

  4. Library Resource
    Documents de politique et mémoires
    décembre, 2004

    In this paper we put forth some empirical evidence from the Brazilian Amazon that the relationship between roads and land clearing may be much more complex than the conventional wisdom implies. In particular we find that in areas that already at least partially cleared, improving the road network (i.e. decreasing transport costs) may actually decrease the rate of deforestation. We argue that our methodology of explicitly modeling the dynamics should be preferred to the more common static, contemporaneous analyses found in the literature.

  5. Library Resource
    Documents de politique et mémoires
    décembre, 2004

    Public recreation land management agencies have been searching for ways to increase revenue. User fees as implemented by the Fee Demonstration Program have received the most attention. Corporate sponsorships and private donations have also been implemented and other options, such as partial privatization, closure of some areas, and different forms of public-private partnerships have been debated.

  6. Library Resource
    Documents de politique et mémoires
    décembre, 2004

    This report is a summary of the data contained on the farmland sales portion of the Minnesota Land Economics (MLE) web site (http://www.apec.umn.edu/landeconomics) as of April 29, 2004. It is formally reissued each Spring, as new sales data become available. We no longer distribute a separate farm real estate report in the Minnesota Agricultural Economist (now the Minnesota Applied Economist: http://www.apec.umn.edu/MnApEc).

  7. Library Resource
    Documents de politique et mémoires
    décembre, 2004

    The study develops a conceptual framework for analyzing the allocation of conservation funds via selectively offering incentive payments to farmers for enrolling in one of two mutually exclusive agricultural conservation programs: retiring land from production or changing farming practices on land that remains in production. We investigate how the existence of a pre-fixed budget allocation between the programs affects the amounts of environmental benefits obtainable under alternative policy implementation schemes.

  8. Library Resource
    Documents de politique et mémoires
    décembre, 2004
    États-Unis d'Amérique

    Since 1992, the European Union has protected high-quality agricultural products based on geographical origin using designations of geographical indications (GIs). U.S. producers and processors can obtain a type of trademark called a certification mark, which provides similar protections to that of GIs but protects products only within the United States. In the current round of the World Trade Organization (WTO) negotiations, the European Union and other countries are seeking to expand protection through GIs. If they achieve the full range of protection they are seeking, many U.S.

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