Résultats de la recherche | Land Portal

Résultats de la recherche

Showing items 1 through 9 of 87.
  1. Library Resource
    Documents de politique et mémoires
    décembre, 2004

    In this brief, we explore the role that social institutions -specifically property rights and collective action - may play in the development of agroforestry.... In the future, property rights and collective action will play increasingly pivotal roles in defining rights and responsibilities over the externalities of tree management practices.

  2. Library Resource
    Documents de politique et mémoires
    décembre, 2004
    Afrique occidentale, Afrique sub-saharienne, Afrique, Burkina Faso

    "This paper describes the emergence of improved traditional planting pits (zaï) in Burkina Faso in the early 1980s as well as their advantages, disadvantages and impact. The zaï emerged in a context of recurrent droughts and frequent harvest failures, which triggered farmers to start improving this local practice. Despair triggered experimentation and innovation by farmers. These processes were supported and complemented by external intervention. Between 1985 and 2000 substantial public investment has taken place in soil and water conservation (SWC).

  3. Library Resource
    Documents de politique et mémoires
    décembre, 2004

    Las instituciones de acción colectiva y los sistemas de derechos de propiedad moldean la forma en que la gente usa los recursos naturales.A su vez, estos patrones de uso afectan los resultados de los sistemas de producción agrícola de la gente. Juntos, los mecanismos de acción colectiva y los sistemas de derechos de propiedad definen los incentivos a los que la gente accede por llevar a cabo estrategias de gestión sostenible y productiva, y afectan el nivel y distribución de los beneficios de los recursos naturales.

  4. Library Resource
    Documents de politique et mémoires
    décembre, 2004

    This brief defines property rights and collective action and discusses the links to sustainability of natural resource management and agricultural systems and to poverty reduction, as well as the implications for policy and practice.

  5. Library Resource

    history, farmer practice, and impacts

    Documents de politique et mémoires
    décembre, 2004
    Afrique orientale, Afrique sub-saharienne, Afrique, Kenya

    This case study explores the development, dissemination, adoption, and impact of improved tree fallows in rural western Kenya. The processes of technology development and dissemination throughout the region are described and analyzed. To analyze adoption and impact, the paper applies a variety of different data collection methods as well as samples from both pilot areas where researchers maintained a significant presence and non-pilot areas where farmers learned of the technologies through other channels.

  6. Library Resource
    Documents de politique et mémoires
    décembre, 2004
    Cambodge, Laos, Myanmar, Thaïlande, Viet Nam

    The overall objectives of the study were to collect and analyse LUP methodologies in the 4 countries and to assess the experiences and lessons learned during implementation. The comparative assessment would include land use planning approaches at various levels, ranging from participatory village level LUP activities to the elaboration of land use master plans at provincial or even regional level. Finally, recommendations were to be formulated for the countries as well as for the sub-region as a whole.

  7. Library Resource
    Documents de politique et mémoires
    décembre, 2004
    Cambodge, Indonésie, Laos, Malaisie, Myanmar, Philippines, Thaïlande, Viet Nam

    Rice is a very important commodity in our lives, as it is the staple food of about 3 billion, or three quarters, of the people in the world. Two hundred fi fty million farmers depend on rice cultivation. Ninety percent of the world’s rice is produced and consumed in Asia.


  8. Library Resource

    evidence from the Uganda National Household Survey, 1999/00

    Documents de politique et mémoires
    décembre, 2004
    Afrique orientale, Afrique sub-saharienne, Afrique, Ouganda

    This study investigates the impacts of rural poverty on farmers’ land management decisions, crop production and incomes, based upon analysis of data from the 1999/2000 Uganda National Household Survey.

  9. Library Resource
    Documents de politique et mémoires
    janvier, 2004
    Afrique, Asie

    Data from many countries show that the concentration of poverty and malnutrition is shifting from rural to urban areas. Although many rural people move to the cities seeking to improve their well-being, they often remain mired in poverty and squalor. Rampant violence, flimsy housing, and filthy living conditions, along with hunger and malnutrition, are becoming the daily lot for more and more people as cities grow.

  10. Library Resource
    Documents de politique et mémoires
    décembre, 2004

    Millions of the rural poor now participate in collaborative forest management schemes under a variety of tenurial and organizational arrangements.We examine those arrangements and ask whether local people have indeed gained more access to benefits from and control over forests. Our findings suggest that most co-management projects actually maintain and even extend central government control. -- from Text.

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