Résultats de la recherche | Land Portal

Résultats de la recherche

Showing items 1 through 9 of 599.
  1. Library Resource
    Documents de politique et mémoires
    décembre, 1998
    Afrique sub-saharienne, Afrique, Ghana

    Land tenure institutions in customary land areas of Sub-Saharan Africa have been evolving towards individualized ownership. Communal land tenure institutions aim to achieve and preserve the equitable distribution of land (and hence, income) among community members. Uncultivated forestland is owned by the community or village, and as long as forest land is available, forest clearance of forest is easily approved by the village chief.

  2. Library Resource
    Rapports et recherches
    janvier, 1999
    Mozambique, Afrique

    Undernutrition of children 0-60 months old in Mozambique is much higher in rural than in urban areas. Food security is about the same, although substantial regional differences exist. Given these outcomes, we hypothesized that the determinants of food security and nutritional status in rural and urban areas of Mozambique would differ as well. Yet we find that the determinants of food insecurity and malnutrition, and the magnitudes of their effects, are very nearly the same.

  3. Library Resource
    Documents de politique et mémoires
    janvier, 1999
    Asie, Inde

    This research report on India addresses an important policy issue faced by policy-makers in many developing countries: how to allocate public funds more efficiently in order to achieve both growth and poverty-reduction goals in rural areas. This research is particularly important at a time when many developing countries are undergoing substantial budget cuts as part of macroeconomic reforms and adjustment. The econometric model employed in this research includes a broad range of government expenditure items.

  4. Library Resource
    Rapports et recherches
    janvier, 1998
    Philippines, Asie

    This paper evaluates the effect (in terms of private returns) of investment in education on wages in the rural Philippines. Statistical endogeneity of education in the wage function may result from (1) unobserved determinants of education that also influence wages and/or (2) measurement error. Panel data are used that provide relevant instruments, particularly distance to schools and measures of household resources, at the time of schooling, to endogenize investments in education while estimating wage functions.

  5. Library Resource
    janvier, 1999

    Reliable information on household food security is a prerequisite for the accurate and effective design, monitoring, and evaluation of development projects. In part due to the commitment, on the part of many development agencies, to work in marginalized areas, this information is often either not available or grossly out-of-date. But collecting data is not a costless exercise.

  6. Library Resource
    Rapports et recherches
    janvier, 1999
    Maroc

    Morocco is currently about to start reducing industrial protection in the context of its association agreement with the European Union. However, agriculture, which represents the major income source for the disfavored rural population, is the sector that is most strongly protected. In this study, a general equilibrium model of Morocco is used as a laboratory for analyzing the short-run equilibrium effects of alternative scenarios for reduced protection for agriculture and industry.

  7. Library Resource
    Rapports et recherches
    janvier, 1999

    This review of recent literature explores the challenges to urban food and nutrition security in the rapidly urbanizing developing world. The premise of the manuscript is that the causes of malnutrition and food insecurity in urban and rural areas are different due primarily to a number of phenomena that are unique to or exacerbated by urban living.

  8. Library Resource
    janvier, 1999
    Bénin, Afrique

    In this lecture, Moïse C. Mensah traces the recent history of economic policy in Benin and examines how Benin can meet food security needs while overcoming the challenges posed by a growing population, fragile natural resource base, and constraints on productivity. Although the gap between food supply and demand is not significant in Benin, about a third of the population is food insecure because of regional differences in food production and lack of income.

  9. Library Resource
    Documents de politique et mémoires
    janvier, 1999
    Global

    The note focuses on the global effects of land degradation, but emphasizes other important levels of land degradation: at the field level, it may result in reduced productivity; at the national level, it may cause flooding, and sedimentation; and, at the global level, it can contribute to climate changes, damaging bio-diversity, and international waters. The effects on climate changes are explored, and the report questions the extent to which land degradation on agricultural land, affects climate change. Does it increase emissions of greenhouse gases?

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