In the context of current agrarian reform efforts in South Africa, this paper analyses the livelihood trajectories of ‘emergent’ farmers in Eastern Cape Province. We apply a rural livelihoods framework to 60 emergent cattle farmers to understand the different capitals they have drawn upon in transitioning to their current class positions and associated vulnerability. The analysis shows that, for the majority of farmers, no real ‘transition’ from subsistence farming has occurred.
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Library ResourcePublication évaluée par des pairsfévrier, 2021États-Unis d'Amérique, Afrique du Sud, Afrique australe
Library ResourcePublication évaluée par des pairsfévrier, 2021Bosnie-Herzégovine, Colombie, États-Unis d'Amérique
Cattle grazing and fire are common types of management on natural ecosystems, generating several threats to the conservation of native vegetation (e.g., changes in species richness, cover, and abundance, mainly of bovine-palatable species). In this work, we analysed the response of the structure and composition of vegetation managed with different cattle stocking rates and fire in the savanna ecosystems of Colombia. The study was located in the eastern area of the Llanos region, where savannas were subjected to grazing and burning.
Library ResourcePublication évaluée par des pairsfévrier, 2021Argentine, Terres australes et antarctiques françaises, Brésil, Canada, Espagne, Paraguay, États-Unis d'Amérique, Amérique du Sud
The stabling of livestock farming implies changes in both local ecosystems (regeneration of forest stands via reduced grazing) and those located thousands of kilometers away (deforestation to produce grain for feeding livestock). Despite their importance, these externalities are poorly known. Here we evaluated how the intensification and confinement of livestock in Spain has affected forest surface changes there and in South America, the largest provider of soybeans for animal feed to the European Union.
Library ResourcePublication évaluée par des pairsfévrier, 2021Mongolie
Environmental impact assessment (EIA) is a key tool for both environmental and land management. It identifies potential adverse and unintended consequences of the projects on land use and the environment and derives possible mitigation measures to address these impacts. Calculating the volume and severity of impacts is complex and often relies on selections and simplifications. Moreover, calculating impacts associated with nomadic-pastoral (dynamic) land use is still an unresolved methodological problem.
Library ResourcePublication évaluée par des pairsjanvier, 2021Kenya, Afrique orientale
Despite mobile livestock grazing being widely recognized as one of the most viable and sustainable land uses for semi-arid savanna, which can deliver clear wildlife conservation benefits, the levels of pastoral sedentarization and transitions to agricultural livelihoods continue to rise in many pastoral communities across the world. Using questionnaire interviews with community elders, our study assessed changing trends in livestock grazing, wildlife conservation, and sedentarization levels from the 1960s to the present day across three savannas in southern Kenya.
Library ResourceArticles et Livresdécembre, 2002Afrique
Library ResourceDocuments de politique et mémoiresmars, 2015Afrique du Sud, Afrique australe, Afrique sub-saharienne
Drawing on insights from multiple studies, this policy brief addresses the importance of gender considerations for small-scale livestock farming communities relative to food security in the South African context. The brief examines some key elements of gender issues in relation to small-scale livestock farming, asks how some of these elements align with current policies and practices, and suggests a number of focused policy recommendations. Two thirds of the world’s 600 million poor livestock keepers are rural women.
Library ResourceArticles et Livresdécembre, 2003Burkina Faso, République centrafricaine, Cameroun, Algérie, Érythrée, Éthiopie, Mali, Mauritanie, Niger, Nigéria, Soudan, Sénégal, Soudan du Sud, Tchad
Library has French version: TIC au secours des éleveurs du Sahel
Library ResourceRapports et recherchesdécembre, 2012République-Unie de Tanzanie, Afrique sub-saharienne
Owing to the fact that women have different knowledge, access to, and control over resources, and different opportunities to participate in decisions regarding resource use and management from men, the study focuses on gendered differences in livelihood strategies, identifying factors that preclude women from benefitting in livelihood projects and accessing livelihood resources. Qualitative data for the study was collected through gender disaggregated group discussions in two districts, Mvomero and Kongwa in Tanzania.
Library ResourceRapports et recherchesavril, 2013Afghanistan
ABSTRACED FROM EXECUTIVE SUMMARY:
Kuchis, as nomads are now usually referred to in Afghanistan, occupy a peculiar place among Afghan communities. They constitute, like many nomadic communities in other countries, a particularly disadvantaged group with respect to many social indicators such as access to education, health or livelihood standards. Although many Kuchis are settling down, a growing and unregulated phenomenon taking place at the outskirts of the major Afghan cities, these indicators are still not improving.
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