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Showing items 1 through 9 of 599.
  1. Library Resource
    Articles et Livres
    mars, 1998

    In most developing countries deforestation has reached alarming rates. In view of their relevancefor the local economy (e.g., as a source of foreign exchange earnings and supply of fuelwood), anadequate management of forest resources should be pursued. In these economies forestexploitation and land conversion have often been seen as a temporary solution to structuralproblems. In this way, however, the same problems are even aggravated in the long run.

  2. Library Resource
    Documents de politique et mémoires
    décembre, 1998
    Albanie

    This paper attempts to evaluate whether Albanian rural social structure has changed to the extent that individual rights and protection of those rights have become important policy questions. If the evaluation suggests that rural Albanians retain the set of family-oriented norms and beliefs that are based primarily on patriarchalism and patrilineal inheritance, we must address the following questions: How appropriate is the mixture of western law that emulates individualistic notions of property rights with the customary family-tenure system of rural Albania?

  3. Library Resource
    Rapports et recherches
    décembre, 1998
    États-Unis d'Amérique

    Society has recently increased the value it places on the services that wetlands provide, including water quality improvements, flood control, wildlife habitat, and recreation. However, owners of wetlands are often unable to profit from these services because the benefits created are freely enjoyed by many. This report examines differences between public and private incentives regarding wetlands. Federal wetland policy has shifted in recent decades--from encouraging wetland conversion to encouraging wetland protection and restoration--in an effort to balance public and private objectives.

  4. Library Resource
    Documents et rapports de conférence
    décembre, 1998

    Share contracts under information asymmetry often involve input application and risk sharing inefficiency. These difficulties are nullified under full information which can be approximated in repeated contracts. We give evidence of cooperation in repeated contracts, indicating the existence of full information efficiency and efficient resource use, despite underlying information asymmetry.

  5. Library Resource
    Documents de politique et mémoires
    décembre, 1998

    The American bias that privileges owners over tenants has its roots in early US history, in the colonial practices of limiting suffrage to property owners, and in the formation of a Constitution that protected the propertied minority from the propertyless majority. While the property test for suffrage eventually disappeared, the property bias persists, just as other barriers of gender, national origin, poverty, religion and race remain pervasive in our society.

  6. Library Resource
    Documents et rapports de conférence
    décembre, 1998
    Philippines

    A dynamic model of deforestation and agricultural expansion in the Philippines is developed to elucidate the economic factors driving current land use trends and determine the efficacy of prevailing public forest management regulations. Optimization results are interpreted to show potential gains and intervention areas to improved national forest resource management.

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