Résultats de la recherche | Land Portal

Résultats de la recherche

Showing items 1 through 9 of 17857.
  1. Library Resource
    janvier, 2023
    Global

    Research on the contribution of forests to local livelihoods has so far had a strong focus on quantifying the monetary value of forest-derived products and services. In this paper, we move beyond monetary valuation and integrate the less tangible and sometimes culturally complex dimensions through which forests support local livelihoods. We look at four local contexts in the Brazilian, Bolivian and Ecuadorian Amazon, which differ markedly in terms of their biophysical, sociocultural and geopolitical settings.

  2. Library Resource
    janvier, 2023
    Global

    Tropical peatlands are one of the largest natural sources of atmospheric methane (CH4) and play a significant role in regional and global carbon budgets. However, large uncertainties persist regarding their feedbacks to climate variations. The Energy Exascale Earth System Model (E3SM) Land Model (ELM) is an ongoing state-of-the-science model, which has developed new representations of soil hydrology and biogeochemistry and includes a new microbial-functional-group-based CH4 module.

  3. Library Resource
    janvier, 2023
    Global

    What happens to local institutional arrangements regarding access and use of communal land under the forces of
    agricultural commercialization? Taking Khwaykham village in Phongsaly province, Laos as a case study, this
    paper sheds light on this question as farm households in the settlement have progressively transitioned to
    commercial farming, specifically tea cultivation. Traditionally, farm households’ access and rights to use the land
    were embedded in their swidden agriculture practices. The adoption of tea has increasingly fixed land use rights,

  4. Library Resource
    janvier, 2023
    Global

    Rice is a vital food crop in Tanzania, both for household consumption and commercial retail. Contract farming is an important agricultural tool through which farmers and larger investors are linked to increase production and quality of crops, benefiting both the farmers and investors. This chapter uses the relational model to look at the relationships in two rice contract farming schemes in Tanzania: Kapunga Rice Plantation Limited and Mtenda Kyela Rice Supply. The empirical data is from household surveys and interviews from the Mbeya region in 2015.

  5. Library Resource
    janvier, 2023
    Global

    Indigenous Peoples lands cover over a fifth of the world's land surface and support high levels of biodiversity. However, for centuries Indigenous Peoples have suffered from deprivation, often dispossession, and even cultural genocide, a process continuing today in some regions. Biodiversity hotspots, global areas of high endemicity that are heavily threatened by habitat loss and other human activities are also affected by conflict. Although covering only 2.4 % of the world's surface, over 80 % of armed conflicts occurred in biodiversity hotspots between 1950 and 2000.

  6. Library Resource
    janvier, 2023
    Cameroun

    Environmental policies ought to be integrated into economic sectors for successful outcomes. We assess to what extent Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD +) is integrated into land-use sectors driving deforestation in Cameroon. REDD + governance has been extensively examined, including the challenges of a multisectoral approach to tackle the drivers of deforestation, especially those lying outside the forestry sector.

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