This paper examines the roles of the state, international organisations and the public in pastoral land reform in the Central Asian republics and Mongolia. In recent years new legislation has been passed in most of these countries, often driven by environmental concerns. In the development of these laws, international organisations tend to promote common property regimes, whilst governments usually emphasise individual security of tenure, each using environmental arguments taken from quite different bodies of theory. With the exception of Mongolia, pressure for reform from users themselves has been weak and focussed more on social and economic issues than on environmental problems. Across the region informal grazing practices facilitate the matching of stocking pressure to forage resources; legal frameworks which build on these are most likely to lead to sustainable pasture management.
Auteurs et éditeurs
Sarah Robinson, Chantsallkham Jamsranjav and Kramer Gillin
From China to America, via Palestine, Africa and Europe, Études rurales explores the main aspects of the rural world through studies on territories, activities, lifestyles, political organisations, representations, beliefs, heritages and perspectives. With contributions from writers of all disciplines, the journal examines the world though academic enquiry as well as history, philosophy and anthropology. The journal is part of a collective effort to find new representations of rural life.