Lessons from Africa Climate Summit: We need to listen more to pastoralists and farmers | Land Portal


Photo: ILRI/Dorine Odongo (CC BY-NC-ND 2.0 DEED)

Sometimes at high-level international events, like the Africa Climate Summit held in early September 2023, we do not have the opportunity to, or forget to, include the voices of people who are going through the very issues discussed.

At this event, the International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), the Jameel Observatory for Food Security Early Action and partners collaborated to showcase the voices of pastoralists and how they are responding to the effects of climate change.

On 8 September 2023, over 30 people gathered under a 'Climate Activation Tent' at the Kenyatta International Convention Centre in Nairobi, Kenya for a side-event dubbed 'Response, recovery, resilience: Dryland communities managing climate and environmental shocks'.

The tent was an open space that challenged organizers to think outside of the boundaries that they normally find ourselves in.

Within just 30 minutes, a team of scientists, activists and pastoralists acted out a narrative showing how pastoral communities in Kenya adapt to and manage shocks like drought. The actors were a little shy at first, but their voices delivered poignant lessons.

The play opened with Cynthia Mugo, ILRI policy and engagement stakeholder advisor, setting the scene and describing a passenger alighting from a bus in Kenya’s upper eastern region of Isiolo.

The 'passenger' is Tahira Mohamed, a postdoctoral fellow at the ILRI-hosted Jameel Observatory for Food Security Early Action, who is visiting her home.

Tahira meets her friend Shoba Liban, a pastoralist who explains how her community had been affected by the recent drought. To save their cattle from dying, she talked about how her community is responding by moving or selling cattle, recovering by sharing livestock when others lose theirs and being resilient by investing in the capacities of local first responders.


Shoba Liban acting out skit with Tahira Mohamed (ILRI/Kristen Tam)
Shoba Liban (left) and Tahira Mohamed (right) acting in a skit on pastoralists' adaptation to climate shocks (photo credit: ILRI/Samuel Derbyshire).


Pastoralists have been adapting to and coping with the effects of climate change for years. Their indigenous knowledge has been passed down for generations, bringing communities together to help each other when times are hard.

Guyo Roba, head of the Jameel Observatory, and a pastoralist himself, took to the stage with a message of caution that while the pastoralists who ‘have more’ have traditionally helped those who 'have less’, today's droughts have reduced the numbers of people who 'have more'.

This is why anticipatory action is at the heart of the Jameel Observatory.

Giving the stage to pastoralists helped to paint a clearer picture of how their communities are adapting to climate change and the mounting challenges they face that are slowly eroding their ability to do so without the support of governments and other national and international actors.

The Climate Activation Tent provided an opportunity to do things differently and demonstrated that, by including the voices of people most affected by climate change, we can open up genuine and informed conversations to identify solutions that are tailored to their needs.




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