Government of Peru | Page 6 | Land Portal



Ancient Peru was the seat of several prominent Andean civilizations, most notably that of the Incas whose empire was captured by Spanish conquistadors in 1533. Peru declared its independence in 1821, and remaining Spanish forces were defeated in 1824. After a dozen years of military rule, Peru returned to democratic leadership in 1980, but experienced economic problems and the growth of a violent insurgency. President Alberto FUJIMORI's election in 1990 ushered in a decade that saw a dramatic turnaround in the economy and significant progress in curtailing guerrilla activity. Nevertheless, the president's increasing reliance on authoritarian measures and an economic slump in the late 1990s generated mounting dissatisfaction with his regime, which led to his resignation in 2000. A caretaker government oversaw a new election in the spring of 2001, which installed Alejandro TOLEDO Manrique as the new head of government - Peru's first democratically elected president of indigenous ethnicity. The presidential election of 2006 saw the return of Alan GARCIA Perez who, after a disappointing presidential term from 1985 to 1990, oversaw a robust economic rebound. Former army officer Ollanta HUMALA Tasso was elected president in June 2011, and carried on the sound, market-oriented economic policies of the three preceding administrations. Poverty and unemployment levels have fallen dramatically in the last decade, and today Peru boasts one of the best performing economies in Latin America. Pedro Pablo KUCZYNSKI Godard won a very narrow presidential runoff election in June 2016.

Peru is a presidential republic.

Source: CIA World Factbook

Government of Peru Resources

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Library Resource
décembre, 1993

The Democratic Constituent Congress approved the constitution, which was ratified by referendum.

Library Resource

Seminario Regional sobre Expansión de la Frontera Agropecuaria y Medio Ambiente en América Latina

Documents et rapports de conférence
septembre, 1981

Examina las experiencias obtenidas en la ocupación económica del territorio comprendido en el eje San Ramón-La Merced, de la Selva Central del Perú. El análisis está orientado a determinar las políticas de acción utilizadas por el Gobierno, el sector privado y otros, en el proceso de expansión agropecuaria y sus incidencias en el uso de los nuevos espacios, en cuanto a la conservación y mejoramiento de los ecosistemas intervenidos.

Implementing organizations: 
Geographical focus: 

This project worked with 15,000 poor Quechua and Aymara families in Sierra Sur, the southern highlands of Peru, with the aim to help improve the quality of their products, preserve their traditional knowledge and improve natural resource management to diversify their sources of income.

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