The data series presented here measures the proportion of forest area within legally established protected areas.
This data series contributes to the measurement of SDG Indicator 15.2.1, classified as Tier I in September 2018, which is officially defined as follows:
Proportion of important sites for terrestrial and freshwater biodiversity that are covered by protected areas shows temporal trends in the mean percentage of each important site for terrestrial and freshwater biodiversity (i.e., those that contribute significantly to the global persistence of biodiversity) that is covered by designated protected areas.
It is important to mention that SDG indicator 15.2.1:
SDG indicator 15.2.1 is composed of five sub-indicators that measure progress towards all dimensions of sustainable forestmanagement. The environmental values of forests are covered by three sub-indicators focused on the extension of forest area, biomass within the forest area and protection and maintenance of biological diversity, and of natural and associated cultural resources. Social and economic values of forests are reconciled with environmental values through sustainable management plans. The subindicator provides further qualification to the management of forest areas, by assessing areas which are independently verified for compliance with a set of national or international standards.
The SDG indicator 15.2.1 is composed of five sub-indicators:
According to Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) -- the Custodian Agency for this indicator -- the rationale behind the proportion of forest area within legally established protected areas can be summarised as follows:
The change in forest area within legally protected areas is a proxy for trends in conservation of forest biodiversity as well as cultural and spiritual values of forests and thus a clear indication of the political will to protect and conserve forests. This indicator is related to the CBD Aichi Target 11 which calls for each country to conserve at least 17 per cent of terrestrial and inland water areas.
The full official metadata for this Tier I indicator are available at UN SDG Metadata website.
For more information on this data series, please visit UN SDG website.