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Tackle tenure issues in informal settlements

Journal Articles & Books
December, 2017

Four years ago, I was part of a research team looking at access to land and basic services in informal settlements.

We conducted field interviews in Mukuru slums in Eastlands. We were amazed at the levels of development in the area. People were constructing permanent structures despite the fact that they were under the impression that informal settlements are characterised by temporary structures.

Four years later, there are ongoing discussions to address the plight of informal settlements. A fundamental starting point is to address issues of tenure security.

Urban Land Conflicts and Evictions in Latin America and the Caribbean

Reports & Research
August, 2017
Latin America and the Caribbean

The Latin American and Caribbean Urban CSO Cluster, part of the Global Land Tools Network (GTLN), together with Habitat for Humanity’s Solid Ground Campaign and the Land Portal Foundation, launched an online debate on Urban Land Conflicts in Latin America and the Caribbean in January 2017. Responding to the common interest to make information easy to access and flow to boost collaboration among stakeholders as a critical basis to improve land governance.

Os Zoneamento urbanos e a irregularidade das moradias em Campinas, SP

Conference Papers & Reports
April, 2017
América Latina e Caribe
América do Sul
O presente artigo é parte de um projeto de pesquisa maior, com apoio do Banco Interamericano de Desenvolvimento (BID), a Universidade de Campinas (UNICAMP), por meio do Grupo de Governança de Terras (GGT), e com apoio da equipe de pesquisa da Toledo e Associados (T&A). Temos como objetivo analisar os Planos Diretores e o zoneamento determinado por eles e como eles a influenciam as escolhas da população ao se estabelecerem em área irregulares na Região Metropolitana de Campinas (RMC).

Das palafitas aos habitacionais: um estudo sobre o conforto térmico no conjunto habitacional Via Mangue II, Recife – PE

Reports & Research
February, 2017
América do Sul
A adaptação da arquitetura e do urbanismo ao clima local significa proporcionar aos indivíduos ambientes confortáveis termicamente e trazer bem-estar para população. Tendo em vista o clima tropical quente e úmido da cidade do Recife, deve-se buscar nessa região, ambientes ventilados e sombreados para amenizar a sensação de calor existente. Para a população mais pobre, o meio de aquisição de uma moradia mais confortável ocorre através das políticas públicas de habitação social, as quais prometem a provisão de ambientes dignos e saudáveis à saúde humana.

Sustainable Development Goals: Monitoring Human Settlements Indicators

Reports & Research
November, 2016

Today, more than half the world’s population lives in cities. By 2030, it is projected that 6 in 10 people will be urban dwellers. By 2050, the figure will have risen to 6.5 billion people; representing two-thirds of all civilization. Taking into account the increasing rural to urban migration and the rapid growth of cities in the developing world, it is clear that cities face a myriad of problems that may hinder planned growth and development.

Remaking the Urban Mosaic

Manuals & Guidelines
October, 2016

Participatory and inclusive land readjustment, or PILaR for short, is a way of reorganizing the ownership of land in and around cities in a pro-poor way. It brings together land parcels belonging to different owners and treats them as a single unit for planning and infrastructure provision. The municipality reserves a portion of the land for roads and other public infrastructure, and returns the rest to the original owners. Each owner gets back a smaller parcel, but it is worth more because it now has road access and other services.

The New Urban Agenda

Manuals & Guidelines
September, 2016

The New Urban Agenda represents a shared vision for a better and more sustainable future – one in which all people have equal rights and access to the benefits and opportunities that cities can offer, and in which the international community reconsiders the urban systems and physical form of our urban spaces to achieve this.

Unpacking Metropolitan Governance for Sustainable Development: Analysis of Case Studies: Summary Reports of Case Studies

Manuals & Guidelines
July, 2016
South Africa

This case study analysis forms part of the publication series “Unpacking metropolitan governance” that documents experiences and gives hands-on approaches for stakeholders in the field of sustainable development of metropolitan regions. 

Energy Sector Experience of Output-Based Aid

July, 2016

Sustainable development goals (SDGs)
placed access to basic services at the center of
international development in 2016-2030. Out of 17 goals,
five address the access of poor people to basic services: to
health in SDG3, to education in SDG4, and SDG5, to water and
sanitation in SDG6, to energy in SDG7, and to urban services
in SDG11. The mutually reinforcing relationship between
electricity access, economic development, and poverty

Elaboration of Integration Strategies for Urban Marginalized Communities

June, 2016

The current report is part of the work
on integrating poor areas and marginalized communities in
Romania. Specifically, the Bank's technical assistance
provided through this project focuses on three primary
components: (1) a methodology for defining different types
of urban disadvantaged communities based on a set of key
criteria and indicators; (2) detailed maps that present the
spatial distribution of these indicators and the

India Land Governance Assessment

June, 2016

As India continues to urbanize and move
towards a less agricultural- and more industry-based
economy, land demands will continue to grow. Its urban
population is expected to increase by more than 200 million
by 2030, requiring 4 to 8 million hectares of land for
residential use alone. Demands for infrastructure and
industry could add a similar amount, summing to total land
demand of 5 to10 percent of the land area currently used for

Jobs in the City

May, 2016

This paper examines the spatial
organization of jobs in Kampala, the capital city of Uganda,
and applies the Lucas and Rossi-Hansberg (2002) model to
explain the observed patterns in terms of the agglomeration
forces and the commuting costs of workers. The paper
suggests that: (i) Economic activities are concentrated in
the downtown -- beyond which employment is spatially
dispersed. (ii) Geographically weighted regressions identify