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The Second-Level Land Certification in Ethiopia

Reports & Research
December, 2023
Ethiopia

This report provides an overview of land administration and certification efforts in Ethiopia, focusing on the Second-Level Land Certification (SLLC) program. As the most populous landlocked country in the world, Ethiopia's economy heavily relies on agriculture, making land tenure security and sustainable management crucial for livelihoods and food security.

Housing, land and property rights as war financing commodities: A typology with lessons from Darfur, Colombia and Syria

Journal Articles & Books
February, 2022
Africa
Latin America and the Caribbean
Asia
Western Asia
Europe
Oceania
Global

The ongoing use of landscape-based conflict commodities — diamonds and other minerals, timber, wildlife, etc. — to finance wars continues to evolve. The success with which such commodities can be transacted to support militaries, militias and insurgencies has led belligerents to innovate with additional commodities. Housing, land and property (HLP) rights within war zones have belatedly joined the list of conflict commodities that are subject to transaction, and to such an extent as to warrant significant concern.

Reflections on Botswana’s Tribal Land Act no. 1 of 2018

Peer-reviewed publication
August, 2019
Botswana

In August 2017, Botswana’s parliament passed the Tribal Land Bill, which became the Tribal Land Act no. 1 of 2018. It shall come into operation once the minister sanctions. Until then, the 1994 Act shall be operational. The new Act is aimed at addressing the challenges that cannot be effectively addressed by the operational Act. Some hail it as progressive, but this article argues that the Act has some limitations. Its insistence on the registration of customary grants with the Registrar of Deeds may lead to unintended consequences, such as family conflicts.

Land Registration: Global Practices and Lessons for India

Journal Articles & Books
June, 2019
United States of America
India
United Kingdom
France
Germany
Netherlands
Australia

Land Registration: Global Practices and Lessons for India has been authored by B. K. Agarwal,  having extensive knowledge and first-hand experience in land administration. It contains a comparative analysis of land registration systems of Germany, UK, Australia, USA, France, and the Netherlands.​ Laws regarding maintenance of land title records in four Indian states Maharashtra, Karnataka, Punjab, and West Bengal have also been analyzed. In the end the author has given his  evidence-based recommendations on reforms required in the Indian land registration system.​

Innovations in Land Registry Management (Cross-Cutting)

Policy Papers & Briefs
January, 2018
Global

Land registries play a key role in protecting landholders against dispossession and promoting good governance and economic development. Effective land agencies provide efficient and accessible land registration services, transparent land information, and clear ownership records to prevent disputes. Accurate records of property rights provide a basis for delivering services such as water or electricity, levying property taxes, enforcing zoning and environmental laws, and are necessary (although not sufficient) for landholders to use their properties as collateral.

LAND RIGHTS ADJUDICATION: Developing Principles and Processes for ESTA and Labour Tenant Rights' Holders

Reports & Research
May, 2017
Africa
Southern Africa

The report provides a conceptual framework for understanding the application of 'adjudication' to land rights verification as part of a general land administration function that includes offregister rights; and outlines the motivation for developing such as system in South Africa, with some provisional ideas about systematising and institutionalising land rights adjudication to include off-register rights.

Land for infrastructure development: compulsory acquisition and compensation of unregistered/undocumented land in Kenya

Journal Articles & Books
February, 2017
Kenya

Kenya’s Vision 2030 aims at transforming the country into a newly industrialized middle income country


and infrastructural development is high on the agenda to achieve this. Competing land uses and existing


interests in land make the use of eminent domain by government in acquiring land inevitable. However


most of the land earmarked for compulsory acquisition comprises of un- registered land whose interests


LAND REGISTRATION DATA STANDARDS, INTEROPERABILITY AND DATA ACCESS IN KENYA.

Journal Articles & Books
February, 2017
Kenya

Land Registration and Administration in Kenya is currently operated on a multi-legal platform [UN 2013]. The Land Registration Act No. 3 of 2012 (LRA) was in that regard enacted to consolidate, harmonize and rationalize land registration goals; which are yet to be achieved. This is majorly because in as much as the 2012 statute repealed five out of the seven major land registration laws, they all remain in force under LRA’s transitional clauses. The Government of Kenya is making efforts to avail land registration information online via the e-citizen platform.

Integrated Digital land record system-IDLRS in Bangladesh

Institutional & promotional materials
August, 2016
Bangladesh

Uttaran began work on the Sustainable Access to Land Equality (SALE) project to ensure transparency and accountability in land governance in December 2012. The project engaged communities in three pilot upazilas - to raise the awareness of vulnerable landowners about land administration, and to effect transparent processes for selecting landless people and for state land settlement.

LDGI Survey

Journal Articles & Books
Reports & Research
January, 2016
Kenya

Public land is a resource that should be effectively managed in the public’s best interest in line with provisions of the Constitutions of Kenya and the Land Act. The management framework governing land use and development decisions on public land should ensure protection and sustainable management of the land. Despite these provisions in law, recent media reports point toresurgenceof public land grab. The Land Development and Governance Institute commissioned this research study to establish the status of the public land management in Kenya.

Handbook on Land Laws

Legislation & Policies
Legislation
National Policies
February, 2015
Kenya

The Land Act, 2012

The Land Registration Act, 2012

The National Land Commission Act, 2012

The Environment & Land Court Act, 2011

The Urban Areas & Cities Act, 2011

A hybrid system of Land Titles and Deeds registration as a new model for Zambia: A case study of the Lands and Deeds Registry Lusaka

Journal Articles & Books
September, 2014
Zambia

Anywhere in the world land is the most important natural wealth for the country. The availability of land and its use are a vital part of human existence. Land records, therefore, are of great concern to every country’s government as well as every individual who owns, occupies, uses or has an interest in a parcel of land. In relation to land a person will feel secured or safe with regards to land rights if she has security of tenure and security of tenure is a question of fact.