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foreign investment

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Policy Papers & Briefs
April 2015

Public lands accounted for 80% of the country area until a decade ago. As Cambodia emerged from three decades of civil war and internal strife, the Royal Government of Cambodia (RGC) has granted more than 10% of the country area or 50% of the cultivatable land as large scale “Economic Land Concessions” (ELCs) to private companies, mostly foreign owned, in a mostly rigged process.

Reports & Research
April 2015
China
Cambodia
Laos

The Cambodian government allowed 1,204,750 hectares as economic land concession (ELC) to 118 local and international companies. Global Witness reported that 2.6 million ha had been given in 272 ELCs, mainly for rubber plantations. Many concessionaires do not comply with their contracts, nor with existing land and forest laws. Government revenues from timber exports are extremely low.

Journal Articles & Books
January 2015
Africa
Sierra Leone

In peace-building and transitional justice literature economic restoration is considered central to sustainable peace in post-conflict societies. However, it is also widely recognised that many post-conflict states cannot afford mechanisms to provide restoration. Not only are many such states poor to begin with, but violent conflict further degrades their economic capacity.

Policy Papers & Briefs
January 2015
Africa
Sierra Leone

Sierra Leone recently attracted significant inflows of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in export-oriented mining and agribusiness. These investments have usually involved large-scale land deals with local communities that have been facilitated and brokered by government officials, local politicians, and paramount chiefs.

Reports & Research
November 2014
Ethiopia

Recently dubbed “Africa’s Lion” (in allusion to the discourse around “Asian Tigers”), Ethiopia is celebrated for its steady economic growth, including a growing number of millionaires compared to other African nations.

Reports & Research
May 2013
Africa
Zambia

Includes an ethnography and the cultural economy of land grabs in Zambia and the role of foreign investments in Zambia. Examines the Chayton investment in Mkushi District and asks who does Chayton feed?

Journal Articles & Books
February 2013
Cambodia

In rural Cambodia the rampant allocation of state land to political elites and foreign investors in the form of “Economic Land Concessions (ELCs)”—estimated to cover an area equivalent to more than 50 % of the country’s arable land—has been associated with encroachment on farmland, community forests and indigenous territories and has contributed to a rapid increase of rural landlessness.

RESR
Journal Articles & Books
September 2012
South America
Brazil
A recente "corrida mundial por terras" transformou a América Latina, em geral, e o Brasil, em particular, em alvos preferenciais para negócios com aumento considerável de investimentos estrangeiros no setor agropecuário, inclusive na compra de terras, com a participação de empresas do setor financeiro.
Agricultural land acquisition by foreign investors in Pakistan
Policy Papers & Briefs
July 2012
Pakistan

This paper explores the Pakistani government’s 2009 agricultural investment policy package — a response to increasing foreign investor interest in agricultural land — and considers the likely implications for local communities.

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