Planning for Democracy in Protected Rural Areas: Application of a Voting Method in a Spanish-Portuguese Reserve | Land Portal

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October 2019
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© 2019 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article.

The planning of protected rural areas is usually defined by institutional decision-makers without considering the preferences of the local communities that live on the land, which frequently leads to conflicts in land management. This paper proposes a voting method based on the Borda count to rank the management goals of a protected rural area. The method was applied in a Spanish-Portuguese reserve called Iberian Plateau with the aim of collecting the preferences of institutional decision-makers (government and scientists) and rural landowners (farmers and businesspersons). Regarding the conservation and development objectives, the results show differences in spatial planning when only the preferences of institutional decision-makers are taken into consideration, as opposed to when the preferences of landowners are included within the analysis.

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Author(s), editor(s), contributor(s): 

de Castro-Pardo, Mónica
Pérez-Rodríguez, Fernando
Martín-Martín, M. José
Azevedo, C. João


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