Challenges to Implementing Socially-Sustainable Community Development in Oil Palm and Forestry Operations in Indonesia | Land Portal

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Date of publication: 
March 2020
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© 2020 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article.

Through the lenses of community development and social licence to operate, we consider the complex relationships between local communities and forest plantation and oil palm companies. We examine the practical challenges in implementing socially-sustainable community development (SSCD) by analyzing two corporate social investment community development projects located in West Kalimantan, Indonesia: Desa Makmur Peduli Api (integrated fire management) and Pertanian Ekologi Terpadu (ecological farming). Our study scrutinized: (i) What were the practice challenges faced by the companies in establishing SSCD?; Along with (ii) what should be done to improve how SSCD is undertaken, especially in Indonesia? We identified five challenges: (1) unresolved land conflict; (2) determining the right program; (3) building community capacity rather than providing irrelevant training; (4) a shortage of company field staff and government facilitators; and (5) managing community expectations. Better governance of SSCD will reduce conflict between affected communities and companies.

Authors and Publishers

Author(s), editor(s), contributor(s): 

Pasaribu, I. Stephany
Vanclay, Frank
Zhao, Yongjun


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