Pravni vodič za komasaciju | Land Portal

Resource information

Date of publication: 
January 2022
Resource Language: 
ISBN / Resource ID: 
978-86-80390-43-7
Pages: 
194

Land consolidation is a highly effective land management instrument that allows for the improvement of the structure of agricultural holdings and farms in a country, which increases their economic and social efficiency and brings benefits both to right holders as well as to society in general. Since land consolidation gives mobility to land ownership and other land rights, it may also facilitate the allocation of new areas with specific purposes other than agriculture, such as for public infrastructure or nature protection and restoration. Land consolidation instruments necessitate a thoroughly elaborated legal regulation that is integrated into the national legal framework.


This legal guide provides detailed guidance on legislative issues regarding land consolidation in ways that align with Voluntary Guidelines on Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests in the Context of National Food Security and international human rights law. It focuses on land consolidation in rural areas and is based on regional good land consolidation legislative practices in Europe, primarily on analysis of the regulatory practices in Denmark, Finland, Germany, Lithuania, the Netherlands, Serbia, Spain (Galicia) and Turkey. It also uses land consolidation regulatory practices in other European countries as a source of information.


This legal guide is published in collaboration with the FAO Regional Office for Europe and Central Asia.


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Komasacija je visokodelotvoran instrument za upravljanje zemljištem koji omogućava unapređenje strukture poljoprivrednih gazdinstava i poseda, čime se uvećava njihova ekonomska i socijalna efikasnost i ostvaruju koristi za imaoce prava kao za društvo u celini. Pošto komasacija pruža mobilnost u pogledu vlasništva na zemljištu i drugih zemljišnih prava, ona isto tako može da olakša raspodelu novih područja sa posebnim namenama koje ne pripadaju oblasti poljoprivrede, kao što je na primer javna infrastruktura ili zaštita i obnova prirode. Instrumenti komasacije zahtevaju postojanje detaljno izrađenih zakonskih propisa koji su integrisani u nacionalni pravni okvir.


Komasacija je zakonski uređen postupak koji predvodi državni organ i koristi se za prilagođavanje vlasničke strukture u ruralnim područjima kroz sveobuhvatnu reorganizaciju parcela, u koordinaciji sa vlasnicima i korisnicima parcela u cilju smanjenja usitnjenosti zemljišta, olakšavanja uvećanja poseda i/ili ostvarivanje drugih ciljeva od javnog interesa, uključujući i obnovu prirode ili izgradnju infrastrukture.


Ovaj Pravni vodič pruža detaljne smernice o zakonodavnim pitanjima u vezi sa komasacijom na način koji je u skladu sa Dobrovoljnim smernicama o odgovornom upravljanju sticanjem, raspolaganjem i korišćenjem zemljišnih resursa, ribarskim područjima i šumama u kontekstu nacionalne bezbednosti hrane i međunarodnog prava o ljudskim pravima. Usmeren je na komasaciju u ruralnim područjima i zasniva se na dobrim zakonodavnim praksama u komasaciji u Evropi. Ovaj Pravni vodič je objavljen u saradnji sa Regionalnom kancelarijom FAO za Evropu i Centralnu Aziju.

Authors and Publishers

Author(s), editor(s), contributor(s): 

Tomas Veršinskas

Margret Vidar

Morten Hartvigsen

Kristina Mitić Arsova

Frank van Holst

Maxim Gorgan

 

Publisher(s): 
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