Mediterranean landscapes have been formed through human activity for millennia, which resulted in a particularly rich and rare biodiversity. Among these activities grazing is the most beneficial on biodiversity. However, the sheep and goat sector is rapidly transforming into sedentary-housed types and pastoral land is abandoned. The Greek example is presented and a range of policies are suggested to halt this trend and conserve pastoral land biodiversity in Mediterranean
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Founded in 1962, the CIHEAM is a Mediterranean intergovernmental organisation devoted to the sustainable development of agriculture and fisheries, food and nutrition security and rural and coastal areas.