DOES LAND REFORM IN TRANSITION COUNTRIES INCREASE CHILD LABOR? EVIDENCE FROM THE REPUBLIC OF GEORGIA | Land Portal

Resource information

Date of publication: 
December 2007
Resource Language: 
ISBN / Resource ID: 
AGRIS:US2016212075

This paper investigates the issue of child labor in the context of land reforms intransition economies, using farm household data from the Republic of Georgia. The results show that an increase in landholdings as an outcome of the land reform can, in the presence of market imperfections, lead to an increase in child labor. This is because the increased demand for labor on the family farm is stronger than the wealth effect generated by the land reform. However, thisresult is not uniform across farm families. First, it is only relevant for boys,because girls tend to assist in household activities rather than in farm work.Second, larger households are able to meet the increased demand for farm laborwithout the need for additional child labor. To the extent that smaller householdstend to be poorer, it is mostly the poor households that sacrifice the future wellbeing of their male children in order to satisfy current needs. In this sense, theland reform may lead to a higher rural inequality in the long run. The policyimplications are that land reforms in transition countries should include, as anintegral ingredient, the development of rural land, labor and credit markets, inorder to avoid the repercussions associated with increased child labor.

Authors and Publishers

Author(s), editor(s), contributor(s): 

Kimhi, Ayal

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