The current framework of economic growth and development includes a general trend towards the privatization of land rights and a collapse of collective structures in agriculture as well as a move towards reliance on land markets as the means of peasant access to participation in the development process. Despite the removal of land reform as an explicit part of the policy agenda, it is clear that the situations which led to the activation of land reforms in past decades are still in place. This article discusses the relevance of looking at land tenure systems when evaluating macroeconomic policies that affect agriculture. Also discussed are the link between land tenure security and access to income and assets; the nature and performance of land markets with regard to the participation of the rural poor; and the link between agrarian organizational structures and off-farm income. The conclusion reached is that rural poverty reduction requires multifaceted policy efforts that recognize the linkages among household asset access portfolios, household income strategies and macrostructural changes. [author]
Authors and Publishers
Jolyne Melmed - Sanjak
Susana Lastarria - Cornhiel
FAO's Journal on Land Reform, Land Settlement and Cooperatives was published between 1964 and 2009. Issues published between 1996 and 2009 are accessible below.
The successor of the Land Reform, Land Settlement and Cooperatives was launched in 2010. The new Land Tenure Journal aims to promote the latest knowledge in the technically, economically, politically and socially broad areas of land tenure.
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