Revue de littérature | Land Portal

Resource information

Date of publication: 
December 2019
Resource Language: 
ISBN / Resource ID: 
gret:38510

Authors and Publishers

Author(s), editor(s), contributor(s): 

Charline Rangé (Gret)

Publisher(s): 

France today is one of the most modern countries in the world and is a leader among European nations. It plays an influential global role as a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council, NATO, the G-8, the G-20, the EU, and other multilateral organizations. France rejoined NATO's integrated military command structure in 2009, reversing DE GAULLE's 1966 decision to withdraw French forces from NATO. Since 1958, it has constructed a hybrid presidential-parliamentary governing system resistant to the instabilities experienced in earlier, more purely parliamentary administrations.

L’AFD (French Development Agency) finance et accompagne des projets et programmes de développement qui soutiennent une croissance économique plus durable et partagée, améliorent les conditions de vie des plus pauvres, contribuent à la préservation de la planète et aident à stabiliser les pays fragiles ou en sortie de crise.


Data provider

Groupe de Recherches et d'Echanges Technologiques (GRET) (French, Group For Research and Technology Exchanges) is a non-governmental association supporting international cooperation, professional solidarity and poverty reduction in the countries of Asia, Africa, Europe and Latin America. It was established in the late 1970s.


Its activities include implementation of field projects, expertise, studies, research, running information and exchange networks. The main spheres of attention are:


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