Presidential Decree No. 2162 of 1993 regarding reinforcement of the State control over the use and the protection of land for the period of land reform. | Land Portal

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This Decree establishes that for the period preceding the adoption of the basic land legislation, physical and juridical persons and public officials are committed to civil liability for the following offences in the field of land administration: for the infringement of legal and administrative procedures in urban construction documentation that caused land squatting; for the infringement in the use of land destined for environmental protection, national parks and recreational purpose; for irrational use of agricultural land and lack of protective measures for soil conservation; for dodging the fulfilment of the regulations of the land institutions. The Government establishes the competence of public administration in imposing sanctions against infringers.

Implemented by: Ministerial Decree No. 1362 of 1993 regarding validation of the Regulation on the modalities of carrying out state control over the use and the protection of land. (1993-12-23)
Implemented by: Order No.160 of 1994 of the Ministry of Natural Resources regarding validation of the Instructions on the organization and carrying out state control over the use and protection of land by the bodies of the Ministry. (1994-05-25)
Implemented by: Order No.1 of 1994 of the Committee on Land Resources and Land Survey regarding application of the Regulation on the modalities of carrying out state control over the use and protection of land. (1994-01-12)
Amended by: Order No.18 of 1999 of the State Committee on Construction and Housing and Communal Complex regarding validation of Instructions on the modalities of carrying out state control the use and protection of land in urban and countryside settlements. (1999-08-02)

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Founded in the 12th century, the Principality of Muscovy was able to emerge from over 200 years of Mongol domination (13th-15th centuries) and to gradually conquer and absorb surrounding principalities. In the early 17th century, a new ROMANOV Dynasty continued this policy of expansion across Siberia to the Pacific. Under PETER I (ruled 1682-1725), hegemony was extended to the Baltic Sea and the country was renamed the Russian Empire. During the 19th century, more territorial acquisitions were made in Europe and Asia.

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