Act on protection of the environment in Svalbard (No. 79 of 2001). | Land Portal

Resource information

Resource Language: 
ISBN / Resource ID: 
License of the resource: 
Copyright details: 
© FAO. FAO is committed to making its content freely available and encourages the use, reproduction and dissemination of the text, multimedia and data presented. Except where otherwise indicated, content may be copied, printed and downloaded for private study, research and teaching purposes, and for use in non-commercial products or services, provided that appropriate acknowledgement of FAO as the source and copyright holder is given and that FAO's endorsement of users' views, products or services is not stated or implied in any way.

The purpose of this Act is to preserve the environment in Svalbard and in particular to protect wilderness, landscape elements, flora, fauna and cultural heritage. The Act shall apply to the entire land area of Svalbard and its waters within the territorial limit. The Act consists of 103 sections divided into 10 Chapters.The Act defines the environmental protection authorities for Svalbard. Protected areas may be established for the protection of habitats, ecosystems, the wilderness or area of natural or historical value. The Act provides for the administrative procedure of the establishment of protected areas, i.e. national parks, nature reserves, protected biotopes and geotopes and cultural environments. The King may, by Regulations, grant a protected area special status under an international convention on the protection of the natural environment or cultural heritage. One Chapter of this Act contains provisions for the protection of fauna and flora. It places restrictions on the introduction of flora into the wild and defines the right to kill animals for the protection of people or property. One Chapter is dedicated to the protection of cultural heritage. A landowner or an institution authorized by the Ministry is responsible for planning in each land-use planning area and shall ensure that planning of the use and protection of the land within the land-use planning area is carried out on a continuous basis. The contents of a land-use plan are defined. The Act further makes provision for: environmental impact assessment and approval of activities that may have an impact on the environment; monitoring of impact; clean-up operations; the prevention of pollution and waste and the prohibition to release environmentally hazardous substances into the environment; an emergency response system in case of acute pollution; access and passage through wilderness areas; inspection and control measures; remedial action and other sanctions; and the Svalbard Environmental Protection Fund.

Implemented by: Regulation No. 712 on harvesting in Svalbard. (2002-06-24)
Implemented by: Regulation No. 1185 on preserving the reserve Hopen on Svalbard. (2003-09-26)
Implemented by: Regulation No. 1186 on the protection of Nordenskiöld Land National Park, Svalbard. (2003-09-26)
Implemented by: Regulation No. 1187 on the protection of Nordre Isfjorden National Park, Svalbard. (2003-09-26)
Implemented by: Regulation No. 1188 on the protection of Ossian Sars natural reserve. (2003-09-26)
Implemented by: Regulation No. 1189 on the protection of Sassen-Bünsow Natural Park on Svalbard. (2003-09-26)
Implemented by: Regulation No. 1190 concerning the protection of the fortress geotope on Svalbard. (2003-09-26)
Implemented by: Regulation No. 724 on hazardous substances, waste and charges for sewage and waste in Svalbard. (2002-06-24)
Implemented by: Regulation No. 377 on larger protected areas and bird sanctuaries in Svalbard established from 1973. (2014-04-04)
Implemented by: Regulations No. 377 relating to large nature conservation areas and bird reserves in Svalbard as established in 1973. (2014-04-04)
Implemented by: Regulation No. 1153 on 2013 fishing for Salvelinus alpinus in Svalbard. (2012-12-07)
Implemented by: Regulation No. 1751 on 2015 fishing for Salvelinus alpinus in Svalbard. (2014-12-16)
Implemented by: Regulation No. 1423 on 2014 fishing for Salvelinus alpinus in Svalbard. (2013-12-10)
Implemented by: Regulation No. 1276 implementing the Convention of 3 March 1973 on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES). (2002-11-15)

Authors and Publishers

Author(s), editor(s), contributor(s): 

Hupperts, Rudolph (CONSLEGB)


Two centuries of Viking raids into Europe tapered off following the adoption of Christianity by King Olav TRYGGVASON in 994; conversion of the Norwegian kingdom occurred over the next several decades. In 1397, Norway was absorbed into a union with Denmark that lasted more than four centuries. In 1814, Norwegians resisted the cession of their country to Sweden and adopted a new constitution. Sweden then invaded Norway but agreed to let Norway keep its constitution in return for accepting the union under a Swedish king.

Data provider

Share this page