These Regulations provide for the direct application by state authorities to An Bord Pleanála (National Planning Board) for approval for works or development where the works or development are urgently required in order to preserve, protect or improve the quality of the environment or protect human health, in compliance with EU Directives.
Implements: Planning and Development Act, 2000 (Act No. 30 of 2000). (2000-08-28)
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Celtic tribes arrived on the island between 600 and 150 B.C. Invasions by Norsemen that began in the late 8th century were finally ended when King Brian BORU defeated the Danes in 1014. Norman invasions began in the 12th century and set off more than seven centuries of Anglo-Irish struggle marked by fierce rebellions and harsh repressions. The Irish famine of the mid-19th century saw the population of the island drop by one third through starvation and emigration. For more than a century after that the population of the island continued to fall only to begin growing again in the 1960s.