Environmental Economics Toolkit: Analyzing the Economic Costs of Land Degradation& the benefits of Sustainable Land Management. | Land Portal

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December 2006
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This Toolkit has been prepared to support the design and implementation of Sustainable Land Management (SLM) programs. The specific purpose of the Toolkit is: to inform the user of the approaches that can be followed to analyze and value the economic costs of land degradation and the benefits of sustainable land management. ‘Land’ is interpreted broadly in the Toolkit, also including wetlands and coastal zones. The Toolkit contains five Tools that together present a detailed description of the various relevant ecological and economic assessment methodologies. A number of case studies illustrate the application of thesemethodologies. For policy makers, an executive summary is provided that describes the basic approach and itspotential to support policy making in the field of land and ecosystem management. The Toolkit is based on an in-depth literature review of (i) the theories and applications of environmental-economic valuation techniques; and (ii) the existing experiences with ecosystem services assessment in thecontext of sustainable land management. Furthermore, the Toolkit has benefited from comments of stakeholdersinvolved in SLM including the Technical Advisors of the LDC and SIDS Targeted Portfolio Project This document has been produced by the Global Support Unit and was written by Lars Hein, Wageningen, the Netherlands

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The Global Environment Facility (GEF) was established on the eve of the 1992 Rio Earth Summit, to help tackle our planet’s most pressing environmental problems. Since then, the GEF has provided $14.5 billion in grants and mobilized $75.4 billion in additional financing for almost 4,000 projects. The GEF has become an international partnership of 183 countries, international institutions, civil society organizations, and private sector to address global environmental issues.


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The United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification in Those Countries Experiencing Serious Drought and/or Desertification, Particularly in Africa (UNCCD) is a Convention to combat desertification and mitigate the effects of drought through national action programs that incorporate long-term strategies supported by international cooperation and partnership arrangements.


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