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Journal Articles & Books
December 1984
Kenya
France
Nigeria
Philippines
Micronesia
Australia
Ghana
Congo
Guinea
India
Sierra Leone
Ethiopia
Niger
Brazil

Shifting cultivation, under its diverse forms of slash and burn system, is a traditional method of cultivating tropical upland soils, mostly for subsistence purposes. This traditional system of cultivation is in ecological balance with the environment and does not irreversibly degrade the soil resource, provided a sufficient length of fallow is allowed for soil restoration.

Journal Articles & Books
December 1982
Egypt
Nigeria
Iraq
Australia
Ghana
Congo
Sierra Leone
Cameroon
New Zealand
Rwanda
Philippines
South Africa
Vietnam
Japan
Madagascar
Tanzania
India
Romania
Brazil
Cuba

In view of the continuing increase in cost and scarcity of mineral fertilizers resulting from the use of high-cost fossil energy, there is renewed interest in organic recycling and biological nitrogen-fixation to improve soil fertility and productivity.

Journal Articles & Books
December 1981
Egypt
Morocco
United States of America
Philippines
South Africa
Iraq
Japan
Sweden
China
Myanmar
India
Senegal

This manual is designed to give detailed, practical advice on the various methodologies of organic recycling. Blue-green algae form a self-sufficient system which is capable of fixing atmospheric nitrogen in organic forms and which grows upon a free water surface. It is thus ideally suited for propagation in rice fields. The development and use of blue-green algae require special techniques.

International Conventions or Treaties
January 1979
Egypt
Libya
Morocco
Sudan
Tunisia
Burundi
Comoros
Djibouti
Eritrea
Ethiopia
Kenya
Madagascar
Malawi
Mauritius
Mozambique
Rwanda
Seychelles
Somalia
Uganda
Zambia
Zimbabwe
Cameroon
Central African Republic
Chad
Equatorial Guinea
Gabon
Sao Tome and Principe
Lesotho
Namibia
South Africa
Eswatini
Burkina Faso
Cape Verde
Gambia
Ghana
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Liberia
Mali
Mauritania
Niger
Nigeria
Senegal
Sierra Leone
Togo
Cuba
Dominica
Dominican Republic
Grenada
Haiti
Jamaica
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia
Trinidad and Tobago
Costa Rica
El Salvador
Guatemala
Honduras
Mexico
Nicaragua
Panama
Chile
Colombia
Ecuador
Guyana
Paraguay
Peru
Suriname
Uruguay
Venezuela
Canada
United States of America
Kazakhstan
Kyrgyzstan
Tajikistan
Turkmenistan
Uzbekistan
China
Japan
Mongolia
Cambodia
Indonesia
Malaysia
Myanmar
Philippines
Thailand
Timor-Leste
Vietnam
India
Iran
Maldives
Nepal
Pakistan
Sri Lanka
Georgia
Iraq
Israel
Jordan
Kuwait
Lebanon
Oman
Qatar
Saudi Arabia
Syrian Arab Republic
Turkey
United Arab Emirates
Yemen
Bulgaria
Czech Republic
Hungary
Moldova
Poland
Romania
Russia
Slovakia
Ukraine
Denmark
Estonia
Finland
Iceland
Ireland
Latvia
Lithuania
Norway
Sweden
United Kingdom
Croatia
Greece
Italy
North Macedonia
Malta
Montenegro
Portugal
San Marino
Serbia
Slovenia
Spain
France
Germany
Liechtenstein
Luxembourg
Netherlands
New Zealand
Fiji
Papua New Guinea
Solomon Islands
Kiribati
Marshall Islands
Nauru
Palau
Cook Islands
Niue
Samoa
Tonga

The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) - currently ratified by 187 countries - is the only human rights treaty that deals specifically with rural women (Art. 14). Adopted in 1979 by the United Nations Generally Assembly, entered into force in 1981. The Convention defines discrimination against women as follows:


Journal Articles & Books
December 1978
Nepal
Bangladesh
Philippines
Malaysia
Afghanistan
China
Iran
India
Pakistan
Vietnam
Thailand
Asia

The Study Tour was financed by the UNDP and had the following objectives. To gain knowledge and experience in: - The multiplication of Azolla as a source of biological nitrogen, particular attention being paid to propagation of Azolla and its protection form disease, insect damage and adverse climatic conditions. - Harvesting and agricultural use of Azolla.