The protection of fertile soils is a precondition for sustainable development. In the final document of the conference of the United Nations on sustainable development in June 2012 in Rio de Janeiro (Rio+20 Conference), the international community thus agreed to strive for a “land degradation neutral world”.
This assessment presents a synthesis of analysis to contribute to the definition of a lower carbon and greener growth path for Romania to 2050. The objective of Romania’s green growth path is to implement mitigation actions and undertake needed adaptation while preserving growth and employment.
Arguing organic vs. conventional land use is broadly discussed in research papers, political discourse, and even more practical issues at farm level.
This report has been prepared by the
World Bank for the Government of Romania as an output of the
World Bank advisory services program on climate change and
low-carbon green growth in Romania. In response to the
request, the World Bank quickly mobilized a team of sectoral
The main objective of the report is to
analyze the current greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions inventory
process in Romania, and provide recommendations for
improving the system in order to increase the effectiveness
and efficiency of inventory development in compliance with
The current report is a milestone for
preparing the Romanian climate change (CC) action plan. A CC
action plan should be based on the consolidation and
coordination of both mitigation and adaptation measures and
options. An important step in the elaboration of such a plan
The main aims of this study are to highlight the differences and the similarities between the European model of agricultural and rural development, and the state of play in the Romanian agricultural sector.
This paper reviews the experiences of introducing land consolidation and land banking instruments in Central and Eastern Europe, largely to address the structural problems of small and fragmented farms. The introduction has been uneven with some countries having established operational programmes while others have taken steps with differing levels of success, and a few have not taken action.
Central and Eastern Europe is experiencing significant land degradation, at the same time as social, economic and political transformation, and within the broader context of global climate change.
During the communist regime, Romania’s planned economy focused exclusively on production neglecting the environment protection. The lack of less polluting production technologies and of environmental protection measures led to excessive pollution in certain industrialized areas.