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Journal Articles & Books
December 2013
United States of America
Spain
Singapore
Japan
Peru
Italy
Colombia
Ecuador
Jamaica
Trinidad and Tobago
Costa Rica
Georgia
Barbados
Belize
Americas

Climate change is likely to have adverse effects on the agriculture sector in Jamaica. Increase in the intensity and frequency of climate related natural hazards, increasing rainfall variability, droughts and floods combined with fragile ecosystems and coastal zones all contribute to Jamaica?s overall vulnerability to climate change.

Journal Articles & Books
December 2013
Honduras
Nigeria
United States of America
Spain
El Salvador
Guatemala
Peru
Germany
Indonesia
Norway
Bolivia
Costa Rica
Panama
Switzerland
Nicaragua
Belize
Italy
Ecuador
Netherlands
Mexico
Brazil
Americas

Programmes to reduce emissions from deforestation and ecosystem degradation, such as REDD+ and other forestry incentive programmes, including Payment for Environmental Services (PES), could represent an opportunity to strengthen processes of conservation, sustainable usage and poverty reduction in the Mesoamerican region, particularly in indigenous territories and communities.

Reports & Research
December 2013
Chile
United States of America
Israel
Sweden
Guatemala
China
Australia
Bolivia
Suriname
Venezuela
Eritrea
Yemen
Peru
South Africa
Ecuador
Argentina
Paraguay
Mexico
Brazil
South America
Americas

En todas las regiones áridas y semiáridas del mundo se considera a “las tunas”, como proveedoras de usos múltiples con notables condiciones para zonas marginales.

Peer-reviewed publication
Journal Articles & Books
December 2012
Sub-Saharan Africa
Southern Asia
Africa
Asia
South America
Americas

The year 2011 highlighted ongoing challenges to global food security, from food price volatility, extreme weather shocks, and famine to unrest and conflicts. On the policy front, major devel­opments at the global and national levels both offered grounds for encouragement and pointed to areas where further action is needed.

Peer-reviewed publication
Journal Articles & Books
December 2012
Sub-Saharan Africa
Southern Asia
Africa
Asia
South America
Americas

The year 2011 highlighted ongoing challenges to global food security, from food price volatility, extreme weather shocks, and famine to unrest and conflicts. On the policy front, major devel­opments at the global and national levels both offered grounds for encouragement and pointed to areas where further action is needed.

Journal Articles & Books
December 2012
Angola
Algeria
Egypt
Bangladesh
Niger
Liechtenstein
Somalia
Namibia
Bulgaria
Bolivia
Ghana
Pakistan
Cape Verde
Jordan
Liberia
Libya
Vietnam
Democratic People's Republic of Korea
Tanzania
Portugal
Cambodia
Ethiopia
Paraguay
Saudi Arabia
Lebanon
Slovenia
Burkina Faso
Slovakia
Mauritania
Croatia
Chile
China
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Jamaica
Djibouti
Guinea
Finland
Uruguay
Thailand
Seychelles
Nepal
Laos
Yemen
Philippines
South Africa
Kiribati
Uganda
Syrian Arab Republic
Nicaragua
Kazakhstan
Niue
Dominica
Benin
Nigeria
Belgium
Togo
Zimbabwe
Sri Lanka
United Kingdom
Malawi
Costa Rica
Cameroon
Morocco
Lesotho
Tokelau
Turkmenistan
Trinidad and Tobago
Netherlands
Iraq
Chad
Georgia
Montenegro
Mongolia
Marshall Islands
Belize
Afghanistan
Burundi
Belarus
Grenada
Greece
Andorra
Rwanda
Tajikistan
Haiti
Mexico
Saint Lucia
India
Latvia
Bhutan
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Malaysia
Norway
Czech Republic
Antigua and Barbuda
Fiji
Honduras
Mauritius
Dominican Republic
Luxembourg
Israel
San Marino
Peru
Indonesia
Vanuatu
North Macedonia
Suriname
Congo
Iceland
Cook Islands
Comoros
Colombia
Botswana
Nauru
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Sao Tome and Principe
Madagascar
Ecuador
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Serbia
France
Lithuania
Mozambique
Zambia
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Holy See
Guatemala
Denmark
Germany
Australia
Austria
Venezuela
Iran
Palau
Kenya
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Oman
Tuvalu
Myanmar
Brunei Darussalam
Tunisia
Russia
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Brazil
Canada
Equatorial Guinea
United States of America
Qatar
Sweden
Ukraine
Guinea-Bissau
Eswatini
Tonga
Côte d'Ivoire
Republic of Korea
Guyana
Switzerland
Cyprus
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Singapore
Azerbaijan
Uzbekistan
Central African Republic
Poland
Kuwait
Gambia
Eritrea
Gabon
Estonia
Spain
Faroe Islands
El Salvador
Mali
Ireland
Malta
South Sudan
Sierra Leone
Panama
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Solomon Islands
New Zealand
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Italy
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Japan
Kyrgyzstan
Armenia
Micronesia
United Arab Emirates
Argentina
Sudan
Bahrain
Hungary
Papua New Guinea
Cuba
Americas
Northern America
Europe
Asia
Africa
Global
Oceania

Данные руководящие принципы являются первым всесторонним глобальным правовым документом, посвященным вопросам системы владения и пользования ресурсами и ее регулирования, который был подготовлен на основе межправительственных переговоров.

Journal Articles & Books
December 2012
Angola
Algeria
Egypt
Bangladesh
Niger
Liechtenstein
Somalia
Namibia
Bulgaria
Bolivia
Ghana
Pakistan
Cape Verde
Jordan
Liberia
Libya
Vietnam
Democratic People's Republic of Korea
Tanzania
Portugal
Cambodia
Ethiopia
Paraguay
Saudi Arabia
Lebanon
Slovenia
Burkina Faso
Slovakia
Mauritania
Croatia
Chile
China
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Jamaica
Djibouti
Guinea
Finland
Uruguay
Thailand
Seychelles
Nepal
Laos
Yemen
Philippines
South Africa
Kiribati
Uganda
Syrian Arab Republic
Nicaragua
Kazakhstan
Niue
Dominica
Benin
Nigeria
Belgium
Togo
Zimbabwe
Sri Lanka
United Kingdom
Malawi
Costa Rica
Cameroon
Morocco
Lesotho
Tokelau
Turkmenistan
Trinidad and Tobago
Netherlands
Iraq
Chad
Georgia
Montenegro
Mongolia
Marshall Islands
Belize
Afghanistan
Burundi
Belarus
Grenada
Greece
Andorra
Rwanda
Tajikistan
Haiti
Mexico
Saint Lucia
India
Latvia
Bhutan
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Malaysia
Norway
Czech Republic
Antigua and Barbuda
Fiji
Honduras
Mauritius
Dominican Republic
Luxembourg
Israel
San Marino
Peru
Indonesia
Vanuatu
North Macedonia
Suriname
Congo
Iceland
Cook Islands
Comoros
Colombia
Botswana
Nauru
Moldova
Sao Tome and Principe
Madagascar
Ecuador
Senegal
Maldives
Serbia
France
Lithuania
Mozambique
Zambia
Samoa
Holy See
Guatemala
Denmark
Germany
Australia
Austria
Venezuela
Iran
Palau
Kenya
Turkey
Albania
Oman
Tuvalu
Myanmar
Brunei Darussalam
Tunisia
Russia
Barbados
Brazil
Canada
Equatorial Guinea
United States of America
Qatar
Sweden
Ukraine
Guinea-Bissau
Eswatini
Tonga
Côte d'Ivoire
Republic of Korea
Guyana
Switzerland
Cyprus
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Singapore
Azerbaijan
Uzbekistan
Central African Republic
Poland
Kuwait
Gambia
Eritrea
Gabon
Estonia
Spain
Faroe Islands
El Salvador
Mali
Ireland
Malta
South Sudan
Sierra Leone
Panama
Bahamas
Solomon Islands
New Zealand
Monaco
Italy
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Japan
Kyrgyzstan
Armenia
Micronesia
United Arab Emirates
Argentina
Sudan
Bahrain
Hungary
Papua New Guinea
Cuba
Americas
Northern America
Europe
Asia
Africa
Global
Oceania

《准则》是第一份通过政府间磋商谈判制定的 有关权属及其治理的全球性综合文书。 《准则》列出有关负责任治理的原则和国际公认标准, 对土地、渔业及森林资源开展利用和管理。 《准则》用以指导下列工作:改进权属权利治理的政策、法律和组织框 架;提高权属体系的透明度并强化管理;加强与权属及其治理有关的 公共机构、私营企业、民间社会组织以及人员的能力和行动。 《准则》把权属治理置于国家粮食安全范畴内,旨在促进逐步实现充足 食物权、消除贫困、保护环境以及可持续社会经济发展。