Pastoralism: Animal health and food safety situation analysis, Kenya and Tanzania | Land Portal

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Date of publication: 
September 2014
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Pastoralism is a farming system in societies that derive majority of their food and

income from livestock production. This form of farming system is practised in the

world’s arid and semi arid lands (ASALs). It is estimated that 70% of the landmass

in the Horn of Africa is dry land; in Kenya 80% of the landmass is classified as ASAL

while approximately half of Tanzania consists of dry land. These dry lands can only

be effectively utilised when used for livestock rearing, supporting wildlife resource

harvesting and tourism.

In this paper we present a current situation analysis of animal health and its implication

on food safety based on primary data collected from pastoralists in Kajiado

County, Kenya and in Tanga and Morogoro regions in Tanzania. Less than 10% of

pastoralists in these communities engage in crop farming to supplement household income,

and with their high dependency on livestock rearing, animal health challenges

are a significant problem. We report on the livestock diseases with high prevalence

and postulate their effects on food safety and food security in pastoral communities.

We also explore the extent of species rearing diversification, pastoralist trade orientation,

and practices that may expose the community and their trading partners to animal

and zoonotic infections. We also assess access to animal health service providers

within these pastoral areas and veterinary drug usage that may have significant implications

on animal health and food safety.

Authors and Publishers

Author(s), editor(s), contributor(s): 

Wakhungu, J.
Wesongah, J.
Galgalo, T.
Msalya, G.
Unger, F.
Alonso, S.
Grace, Delia


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