An Act to govern the relationship between landholders and tenants of agricultural lands.The Act is divided into 4 Parts: General provisions (I); The Share System (II); The Leasehold Tenancy (III); Security of tenure (IV).It is the purpose of this Act to "establish agricultural tenancy relations between landholders and tenants upon the principle of "school" justice; to afford adequate protection to the rights of both tenants and landholders; to ensure an equitable division of the produce and income derived from the land; to provide tenant-farmers with incentives to greater and more efficient agricultural production; to bolster their economic position and to encourage their participation in the development of rural communities" (sect. 2). Section 3 gives a definition of "agricultural tenancy". Agricultural tenancy is classified into leasehold tenancy and share tenancy. Share tenancy is a system of joint undertaking where one party furnishes land and the other party labour (sect. 4). Sections 7 to 21 prescribe rules relative to the contents, form and registration of tenancy contracts. Provisions of Part II define the rights and obligations of parties in a share tenancy system and regulate a specific kind of contract, i.e. a Rice Share Tenancy, and contracts for other crops than rice. The landholder shall furnish the tenant an area of not less than one thousand square meters where the tenant may construct his dwelling, raise vegetables, poultry, pigs, and other animals and engage in minor industries, the products of which shall accrue to the tenant exclusively (sect. 26). Part III defines rights and obligations of the parties under leasehold contracts and regulates compensation for use of the land. The last Part contains provisions for the protection of tenants. Section 50 lists exclusive causes for the dispossession of a tenant.
Amended by: Act to amend the Agricultural Tenancy Act of the Philippines (Republic Act No. 2263). (1959-06-19)