This article summarizes the nature of land-related conflicts in the Philippines within the context of the prevailing agrarian situation throughout the country. An analysis of the agrarian institutions and different types of development that have occurred in a number of regions provide a broad representation of the current situation. The implementation of the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program (CARP), introduced by President Corazon Aquino in 1988, has been slow, and the two case studies described in the article reveal the obstructions and complexities that are encountered in the administration of justice through agrarian reform. Although there are differences in the features and contexts of the two cases presented, they both demonstrate the important role of civil society groups, such as peasant and non-governmental organizations, in facilitating the conflict resolution process.
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