CGIAR System-wide Program on Property Rights and Collective Action | Land Portal
Systemwide Program on Collective Action and Property Rights (CAPRi)
Acronym: 
CAPRi

The Systemwide Program on Collective Action and Property Rights (CAPRi) is one of several inter-center initiatives of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR)created to foster research and promote collaboration on institutional aspects of natural resource management between CGIAR research centers, national agricultural research institutions, and other sources.  Its Secretariat is hosted by the Environment and Production Technology Division of the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) in Washington, DC.  The program stresses comparative research that yields international public goods. The conceptual framework deals explicitly with the effect of differences in the biophysical, socioeconomic, and policy environment. At the same time, we recognize the value of comparisons that cut across countries, ecoregions, and resources. An understanding of the factors that facilitate effective local organizations and appropriate property regimes in one resource sector can be provide valuable insights for another resource.

Program Overview

Institutions of collective action and property rights influence how people use and manage natural resources, and subsequently affect the condition of natural resource systems. The CGIAR Systemwide Program on Collective Action and Property Rights (CAPRi) addresses these issues through an inter-center initiative involving all 15 of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) centers and over 400 national agricultural research institutes and universities in developing and industrialized countries.

The CAPRi program examines the formation and effectiveness of voluntary, community-level organizations and property institutions as they relate to natural resource management. Collective action and property rights are of special concern to the CGIAR because of their effect on farmers’ adoption of innovations, on natural resource management, and on poverty reduction. Because natural resource management issues emerge in the forefront of development concerns we face today, the elaboration of viable strategies to ensure the future productivity of resources demands better understanding of the motivating forces that contribute to their sustainability. Before this program was instituted, many CGIAR and national institutes were grappling with these issues separately. The CAPRi program, convened by the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), coordinates these efforts for more effective understanding.

Collective action refers both to the process by which voluntary institutions are created and maintained and to the groups that decide to act together. The term "property" covers the range of institutions governing access to a particular stream of benefits. Property regimes are usually divided into three categories: state, common, and private. This program considers all three types.

Property rights and collective action affect people’s livelihoods.  The most vulnerable and marginalized rural groups often lack access to resources because they lack secure property rights and find participation in collective action too costly due to time and resource constraints.  Tenure security provides key assets for food security, allowing the poor to help themselves by growing food, investing in more productive activities, or in some instances using property as collateral for credit.  Collective action can contribute to poverty reduction through mutual insurance, increased opportunities for income generation, and improved provision and access to public services.

Addressing these complex interactions between institutions, natural resources, and human livelihoods requires an interdisciplinary approach that combines insights and methods from social and biophysical scientists as well as practitioners. By fostering collaboration among CGIAR centers, national research institutions, government, nongovernmental, and international organizations, CAPRi brings together the body of expertise required to examine the environmental and livelihoods impacts of policy and institutional change.

The program stresses comparative research that yields international public goods. The conceptual framework deals explicitly with the effect of differences in the biophysical, socioeconomic, and policy environment. At the same time, CAPRi recognizes the value of comparisons that cut across countries, ecoregions, and resources. An understanding of the factors that facilitate effective local organizations and appropriate property regimes in one resource sector can be valuable for developing policies for another resource.

CAPRi has been funded by the Governments of Norway and Italy, German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), the World Bank, and the Ford Foundation.

Since 2012, CAPRi is part of and supported by the CGIAR Research Program on Policies, Institutions, and Markets (PIM).

Goals & Objectives

The overarching goal of CAPRi is to contribute to policies and practices that reduce rural poverty by analyzing and disseminating knowledge on the ways that collective action and property rights institutions influence the efficiency, equity, and sustainability of natural resource use.

In particular, CAPRi’s objectives are to:

  • Increase knowledge on Collective Action and Property Rights institutions in natural resource management and their effectiveness under different conditions;
  • Identify concrete policy instruments that facilitate and encourage the formation, improved functioning, resilience, and spontaneous evolution of organizations of users and property institutions that assure optimal resource use, and promote partnerships between local organizations, states, civil society, and private entities;
  • Strengthen the capacity of national and CG research centers, non-governmental organizations, universities, and local organizations.

CGIAR System-wide Program on Property Rights and Collective Action Resources

Displaying 1 - 5 of 9
Library Resource
Institutional & promotional materials
December, 2010
Thailand, Vietnam, Cambodia, Myanmar, Malaysia, Indonesia, Singapore, Philippines, Brunei Darussalam, Christmas Island, Timor-Leste, Cocos (Keeling) Islands

This first CAPRi sourcebook is a fitting commemoration of the 15th anniversary of CAPRi. Unique among other training materials, it is based directly on the experiences and lessons of research on CAPRi core themes from around the world. The presentation is simple and straightforward, but it is based on sound underlying research.

Library Resource
Reports & Research
July, 2010
Myanmar

... Community forests (CF) in northern Burma, particularly in Kachin State, have been sprouting up in villages since the mid-2000s, spearheaded by national NGOs. The recent watershed of CF establishment follows several contingent foundational factors: greater political stability and government control in cease-fire zones; enhanced NGO capacity, access, and effectiveness in these areas; and most prominently the recent threat of agribusiness.

Library Resource
January, 2006
Sub-Saharan Africa

This collection of briefing papers summarises select papers presented at the workshop: "Land Rights for African Development: From Knowledge to Action" held in November 2005.

Library Resource
Reports & Research
January, 2001
Sub-Saharan Africa

This study analyses the determinants of land tenure insecurity and its impact on intensity of use of purchased farm inputs among households in southern Ethiopia. Seventeen percent of the households stated that they were tenure insecure. The feeling of tenure insecurity could be caused by the land redistribution policy in Ethiopia where household size has been the main criterion used for land allocation after the land reform in 1975. This would imply that land rich households should be more tenure insecure.

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