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Community Organizations Government of Switzerland
Government of Switzerland
Government of Switzerland
Governmental institution



The Swiss Confederation was founded in 1291 as a defensive alliance among three cantons. In succeeding years, other localities joined the original three. The Swiss Confederation secured its independence from the Holy Roman Empire in 1499. A constitution of 1848, subsequently modified in 1874, replaced the confederation with a centralized federal government. Switzerland's sovereignty and neutrality have long been honored by the major European powers, and the country was not involved in either of the two world wars. The political and economic integration of Europe over the past half century, as well as Switzerland's role in many UN and international organizations, has strengthened Switzerland's ties with its neighbors. However, the country did not officially become a UN member until 2002. Switzerland remains active in many UN and international organizations but retains a strong commitment to neutrality.

Switzerland is a federal republic (formally a confederation).

Source: CIA World Factbook



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Ordonnance sur les atteintes portées aux sols (OSol).

Western Europe

Une ordonnance sur les atteintes portées aux sols. Afin de garantir à long terme la fertilité du sol, la présente ordonnance régit: a. l'observation, la surveillance et l'évaluation des atteintes chimiques, biologiques et physiques portées aux sols; b. les mesures destinées à prévenir les compactions persistantes et l'érosion; c. les mesures à prendre pour la manipulation des matériaux terreux; d. les mesures supplémentaires que les cantons prennent pour des sols atteints.