Skip to main content

page search

Community Organizations United States Agency for International Development
United States Agency for International Development
United States Agency for International Development
Intergovernmental or Multilateral organization


About Us

We envision a world in which land governance systems, both formal and informal, are effective, accessible, and responsive for all. This is possible when land tenure and property rights are recognized as critical development issues and when the United States Government and its development partners demonstrate consistent attention and a firm commitment to supporting coordinated policies and programs that clarify and strengthen the land tenure and property rights of all members of society, enabling broad-based economic growth, gender equality, reduced incidence of conflicts, enhanced food security, improved resilience to climate change, and effective natural resource management.

Mission Statement

The USAID Land Tenure and Resource Management (LTRM) Office will lead the United States Government to realize international efforts—in accordance with the U.S. Government’s Land Governance Policy—to clarify and strengthen the land tenure and property rights of all members of society—individuals, groups and legal entities, including those individuals and groups that are often marginalized, and the LTRM Office will help ensure that land governance systems are effective, accessible, and responsive. We will achieve this by testing innovative models for securing land tenure and property rights and disseminating best practice as it relates to securing land rights and improving resource governance within the USG and our development partners.



Displaying 406 - 410 of 440

ProPark: Honduras


The USAID ProParque team is helping Honduras develop sound management of its natural resources in a way that complements the country’s economic and social development. The project works with the Government of Honduras to strengthen the nation’s protected area management system, improve biodiversity and natural resource management, and facilitate rural enterprise growth, climate change adaptation, disaster risk reduction, land tenure, and clean energy development. The goal: improve Honduran biodiversity conservation, create local jobs, and strengthen national capacity for mitigating and adapting to global climate change. Honduras and its Bay Islands have rich natural resources—stunning coral reefs, mangroves, rainforests, cloud forests, mountain ranges, and an abundance of endemic plant, and animal species. ProParque works side-by-side with the government, private sector, and civil society to protect these resources and leverage their natural and economic value for the benefit of the country and people who live within these sustainable and productive landscapes. ProParque and its partners—The Nature Conservancy, CARE Honduras, and Zamorano University—are collaborating with numerous associates, including the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment; Honduran Institute of Tourism; and Institute of Forest Conservation, Wildlife, and Protected Areas, among others. For more information about ProParque, visit

REDD Readiness in Brazil


The REDD Readiness in Brazil project aims to improve institutional capacities of governmental agencies, research institutions and local organizations to efficiently measure, report and monitor green-house gas emission. This will contribute to the implementation of the national strategic plan on climate change mitigation launched by the government of Brazil in 2011. Objectives Increase the capacity of state and municipal governments to reduce GHG emissions from land use and land use change. Increase the adoption of land management best practices on private lands to reduce GHG emissions from land use and land use change. Improve monitoring, reporting, and verification (MRV) capacity for REDD+, to estimate forest carbon available for market readiness. Outcomes Four municipalities in the State of Para signed the Municipal Pact for Zero Deforestation and completed property-level mapping of forest reserves and land tenure registration. Four municipalities removed from the 50 municipalities on the Environment Ministry’s deforestation watch list. 5,157 private properties in the State of Para and 269 in the State of Mato Grosso were registered in the States’ Environmental Licensing and Monitoring System (SIMLAM). An additional 4 million hectares under control and monitoring by state level environmental agencies.

Support Program for Economic and Enterprise Development: Mozambique


Support Program for Economic and Enterprise Development (SPEED) is a USAID project to improve the business environment through better trade and investment policies. SPEED’s goal is to have more companies doing more business, resulting in increased trade and investment and a stronger competitive position for Mozambican firms, thus creating local opportunities for jobs and income growth. The project focuses on reforming trade and investment policies and also emphasizes the policy implementation process, including monitoring implementation of reforms. SPEED’s work also focuses on increasing transparency around the legal framework for obtaining land use rights in Mozambique. The SPEED team delivers training and technical assistance that builds the capacity of business associations and corresponding government institutions and catalyzes trade and investment in Mozambique. Objectives Reduce the cost of doing business Enhance Mozambique’s competitiveness Create local opportunities for job and income growth Improve the business environment in trade and investment Outcomes The recommendations and reforms at the municipal level in Maputo promise to save businesses more than 200 days to obtain their construction permits, with an estimated total savings to the private sector of nearly $25 million per year The development of a legal framework that would formalize public participation in the policy process and support to the Mozambique Institute of Directors (IOD) to develop a corporate code of ethics Supported more than 30 capacity-building events in support of its technical programs, with a total of around 1,700 participants, including around 326 women

Tenure and Global Climate Change: Global


Globally, the impacts of climate change and society’s response are significantly affecting resource tenure governance, the rights of communities and people, and their livelihoods. In turn, resource tenure and property rights issues are widely recognized as crucial in the success of many climate change-related initiatives. Interventions that strengthen resource tenure and property rights governance can help reduce vulnerability; increase the resilience of people and ecosystems in the face of climate impacts; and promote resource use practices that achieve adaptation, mitigation, and development objectives. Using policy engagement, pilot interventions, in-depth case studies, and quantitative and qualitative analysis, the USAID Tenure and Global Climate Change project is advancing knowledge and practice on how land tenure and resource rights relate to global efforts to mitigate and adapt to climate change. Through work in over ten countries, common themes have emerged related to: using mobile applications to secure tenure (MAST); supporting the recognition and documentation of customary rights; using pilot activities to inform national policy discussions in an iterative fashion; and supporting the clarification of government and local resource rights and responsibilities in areas where there are overlapping or ambiguous laws and customs, such as coastal and marine zones, wildlife management areas and forested areas. USAID is supporting communities and households in the Eastern Province of Zambia to document their customary rights to agricultural land and communal resources, as well as supporting climate-smart agriculture (CSA) extension activities. Project work in Zambia is being evaluated through a randomized-control impact evaluation to better understand how tenure activities influence CSA adoption. CSA practices rely on sustained commitment to land stewardship. Yet, for farmers to be willing to invest time and energy into these long-term land management practices, they need tenure security. Additional work across a rural chiefdom is exploring the impacts of tenure security on reducing deforestation and improving wildlife management. The project activities are engaging with civil society, government, and donors to promote the integration of lessons learned from customary land rights documentation into national processes. TGCC is also helping ensure the clarification and respect for rights related to reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation and incentivizing afforestation/reforestation (REDD+). Guidance and national legal analyses in Guatemala, Honduras, Nepal, and Panama are helping governments, the private sector, and intergovernmental partners clarify who has rights to participate in, and benefit from, forest carbon activities, and how to design successful activities that account for tenure. In Burma, the project is contributing to the development of a National Land Use Policy (NLUP) and its subsequent implementation. TGCC’s support has been central to the ground-breaking multi-stakeholder consultative process that led to adoption of the NLUP, even at a time of historic government transition. To advance lessons for policy implementation, TGCC developed models for documenting and protecting customary and communal rights, and approaches that build constructive relationships between local communities and local government on land management. In particular, the project is addressing the importance of women’s tenure rights, including rights to access, use, and manage forest resources. TGCC is collaborating with private sector actors to support social and environmental goals under Tropical Forest Alliance 2020 commitments. This emerging work with cocoa companies in Ghana, and the beef sector in Paraguay is exploring the deforestation risks related to smallholder and community tenure insecurity in commodity supply chains. In 2017 TGCC will focus on actions that companies can take to mitigate the risks of insecure tenure and deforestation in their supply chains. Finally, building on lessons from USAID’s deep history in land tenure and property rights, TGCC project staff are supporting USAID missions to assess marine resource tenure systems and develop interventions that lead to achievement of biodiversity conservation, climate change adaptation, and resource productivity objectives. The governance of marine resources affects the livelihoods of hundreds of millions of people globally. The application of secure tenure and property rights to coastal and marine systems has the potential to strengthen programming and build the resilience of the people and institutions who rely on these resources. Within this coastal ecosystem, mangrove forests hold immense carbon stocks and face unique threats as they often have ambiguous and overlapping governance regimes among communities, government agencies and private sector actors. TGCC is supporting resource tenure analyses of mangrove systems alongside the development of pilot intervention activities in Vietnam. Objectives Pilot land tenure interventions that strengthen land rights as an enabling condition for promoting the adoption of “climate smart” land-use practices Clarify legal and regulatory rights to benefits derived from environmental services under REDD+ and other Payment for Environmental Service (PES) schemes Research and scope studies on tenure, property rights and GCC mitigation and adaptation Strengthen women’s property rights under REDD+ Support national and local organizations engaged in strengthening land tenure and property rights

Evaluation Research and Communication: Global


The purpose of the Evaluation, Research and Communication (ERC) project is to create, expand, and communicate the results of evidence-based knowledge around best land tenure and property rights practices in order to enhance internal USAID and external USG learning, guide program design and implementation, and make the most effective use of limited development resources to accomplish key USG development objectives. Activities will support achievement of intermediate result 1.2 under Strategic Objective 1 of the Climate Change and Development Strategy, which notes USAID support for “ensuring the rights and engagement of local and indigenous communities” in conjunction with a focus on improving tools and capacity for land-use planning to reduce deforestation. ERC will also support biodiversity conservation through collection and dissemination of evidence-based knowledge on how secure land tenure and property rights can incentivize sustainable land use and protection of valuable ecosystems including the forest, water and wildlife within them. Work conducted under ERC should adopt a multidisciplinary approach to learning that aligns with USAID’s Evaluation and Gender Equality and Female Empowerment Policies and that communicates results of evaluation and research using innovative, creative methods that target key audiences. This work will also contribute to USAID Forward. Objectives Impact Evaluations: evaluate different modalities for land certification applied across Ethiopia Research: build on the existing body of USAID land tenure and property rights work and extend this base of knowledge; encourage debate around innovative models and competing hypotheses related to land tenure and property rights interventions and expected outcomes – challenge existing assumptions Communications: implement strategies to ensure that new knowledge and learning is incorporated into communications efforts, that new knowledge and learning feeds effectively into Land Tenure Division program design efforts, that this knowledge and learning is accessible to users of the Land Tenure Division’s communication products, and that communication efforts and knowledge management take advantage of creative and innovative approaches to conveying information to key target audiences including policy makers, development experts, Mission staff, civil society organizations, women and other vulnerable groups.