| Land Portal | Protegendo os direitos da terra através de dados abertos

Land governance by country

The country pages provide a comprehensive space, where avid learners can come to explore and gain a better understanding of land governance issues in various countries around the world.

Much of the information here below has been developed in collaboration with local partner organizations and contains comprehensive data and information.  

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Plantation de palmiers à huile Feronia Yaligimba en RDC. Photo: Feronia

The Democratic Republic of Congo has experienced a long war that has killed 3.5 million people and devastated the country. After the end of the conflict in 1997, the new government began rebuilding administrative systems and set new standards for good governance.  Congo’s population is composed of several ethnic groups, most of which are of Bantu origin. More than half of the population is rural, with agriculture accounting for 41% of the total GDP.

Learn more about successes and challenges and find more detailed land governance data in Democratic Republic of the Congo.

The problems associated with land tenure in Ecuador are long-standing and have been characterized by the relationship between access, use and ownership of land, and by the problems of peasant and indigenous families and communities. These problems are also characterized by the direct and visible relationship with sectors that own large amounts of land, have access to the country’s political and economic power, and define what is necessary for the countryside, its problems, its agendas and its development policies. This relationship has influenced legislative agenda of recent years, leading to the design of a new land law that reflects the proposals of power groups in government and the current state discourse.

Learn more about successes and challenges and find more detailed land governance data in Ecuador.

S_F-E-CAMERON_EGYPT_nile-aswan.JPG

Egypt has a population of about 80 million people who live and work in only 4% of the country, concentrated along the Nile River. Although land is distributed relatively equitably, agricultural land is scarce and the high level of population growth has reduced land per capita. With 57% of the total population living in rural areas and 29% of the total labor force working in the agriculture sector, agriculture accounts for 14% of the country’s total GDP.

Learn more about successes and challenges and find more detailed land governance data in Egypt.

Located in Eastern Africa, north of Kenya, Ethiopia is an ecologically diverse country that is home to nine ethnically based states and two self-governing administrations. The economy is largely based on agriculture, with over 80% of the population engaged in the production of crops and livestock. With a growing population of over 80 million people, Ethiopia is also the most populous landlocked country in the world. On average farm sizes are small, with more than 85% of farming households on less than 2 hectares.

Learn more about successes and challenges and find more detailed land governance data in Ethiopia.

ghana agriculture

Located in Western Africa, Ghana in 1957 became the first sub-Saharan country in colonial Africa to gain its independence. Agriculture is a major driver of the economy, accounting for one-third of GDP, alongside gold and cocoa. Approximately 68% of Ghana’s land is used for agriculture and 15% is used as permanent natural pastures.

Learn more about successes and challenges and find more detailed land governance data in Ghana.

Guinea photo DFAT

Guinea is characterized by high political and economic instability, which is one of the reasons why GDP in the country has been stagnant since 2002, with poverty increasing. Of the total land area, agricultural land comprises 51%, with 86% of the poor population living in rural areas and more than 70% of the population working in the agriculture sector.

Learn more about successes and challenges and find more detailed land governance data in Guinea.

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