| Land Portal

Land governance by country

The country pages provide a comprehensive space, where avid learners can come to explore and gain a better understanding of land governance issues in various countries around the world.

Much of the information here below has been developed in collaboration with local partner organizations and contains comprehensive data and information.  

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Mali is a landlocked country in the heart of the Sahel and it is one of the more food secure countries in the sub-region. Since 1992, the government adopted policies inspired by economic liberalization and political decentralization that have fostered the economic growth of the country. Agriculture accounts for 37% of the national GDP, about 68% of the population is rural and 79% of the active population works in agriculture.

Learn more about successes and challenges and find more detailed land governance data in Mali

Mexico is an upper-middle-income country whose economy has grown steadily but much more slowly than that of other emerging-market countries. Mexico was hard hit by the global economic crisis because of its dependence on oil exports, trade with and remittances from the United States. Mexico‘s GDP actually fell by 6.5% in 2009, but it is expected to rebound and resume a steady but slow rate of growth.

Learn more about successes and challenges and find more detailed land governance data in Mexico.

Nicaragua’s tumultuous political history reflects the dramatic impacts that differing perspectives on property rights and resource governance can have on the structure and performance of societies and economies. The Somoza regimes that governed Nicaragua from 1936 to 1979 emphasized the primacy of private property rights and the pursuit of an export market-oriented, large-scale commercial agriculture. These policies resulted in an economy in which rural land ownership was concentrated in the hands of relatively few Nicaraguans who operated farms producing coffee, cotton, sugar, tobacco, and beef for export, largely to the United States.

Learn more about successes and challenges and find more detailed land governance data in Nicaragua

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Niger is characterized by political instability, which has led to conflicts and food security crises. The country is one of the poorest in the world, and in 2003 agriculture accounted for 17% of the total GDP. Approximately 83% of the population is rural, and 60% of it does not have access to safe drinking water.

Learn more about successes and challenges and find more detailed land governance data in Niger.

Nigeria agriculture photo by ICARDA

Nigeria is a middle income country that primarily generates revenue through its natural resources, particularly the export of oil, which puts the country among the 10 larger exporters of oil in the world and represents one third of Nigeria’s GDP. However, Nigeria’s economy also depends on agriculture, which provides employment for more than half the rural population.

Learn more about successes and challenges and find more detailed land governance data in Nigeria.

pakistan agriculture photo by World Bank

Land in Pakistan is highly concentrated, which is source of poverty and instability in the country. Land is considered the principal asset in the rural economy, but unequal access to land and inefficient systems of water management have contributed to land degradation, poverty and instability. In Pakistan, 63% of the total population is rural and 43% is landless and lacks access to water or an irrigation system.

Learn more about the successes and challenges in Pakistan.  

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