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Agricultural change, land, and violence in Darfur

Policy Papers & Briefs
Janeiro, 2014
Central African Republic

Most analyses of violence in Darfur ignore the local dimension of the crisis, focusing instead on the region’s economic and political marginalization and climatic variability. However, agricultural change and other changes relating to the land-rights and land-use systems have led to competition and exclusion, and have played a major role in the collective violence that has raged throughout the region. Understanding these questions is essential for the successful resolution of political and policy debates in Darfur.

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Production d’agrocarburants et accaparements de terres en Guinée : conséquences de la politique énergétique de l’UE - [étude]

Reports & Research
Dezembro, 2013
Guinée

En 2009, l’UE s’est fixé comme objectif de porter à 10 % la part des énergies renouvelables dans sa consommation énergétique d’ici 2020. Dans le secteur des transports, cela s’est traduit par une législation qui promeut l’utilisation des carburants d’origine végétale : les agrocarburants.

Watch Letter Land Issues in the Mediterranean Countries - CIHEAM

Reports & Research
Dezembro, 2013
Global

CIHEAM - Watch Letter N.28 released: "Land Issues in the Mediterranean Countries"


Since 2007 CIHEAM is publishing a quarterly Watch Letter devoted to Major Issues in Mediterranean Agriculture, Food and Rural Areas. Each Issue contains a series of articles on a specific topic, together with information on CIHEAM current activities.


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How the world is paving the way for corporate land grabs - Publication - ActionAid

Reports & Research
Dezembro, 2013
Global

"For millions of people living in the world’s poorest countries, access to land is a matter not of wealth, but of survival, identity and belonging. Most of the 1.4 billion people earning less than US$1.25 a day live in rural areas and depend largely on agriculture for their livelihoods, while an estimated 2.5 billion people are involved in full- or part-time smallholder agriculture.

Tenure security and demand for land tenure regularization in Nigeria - Publication - IFPRI

Reports & Research
Dezembro, 2013
Nigeria

In line with the conventional view that customary land rights impede agricultural development, the traditional tenure system in Nigeria has been perceived to obstruct the achievement of efficient development and agricultural transformation. This led to the Land Use Act (LUA) of 1978.

This Land is Whose Land? Dispossession, Resistance and Reform in the United States

Policy Papers & Briefs
Dezembro, 2013
Northern America

Food First Backgrounder, Spring 2014, Vol. 20, No. 1


Introduction: Land, Race and the Agrarian Crisis


The disastrous effects of widespread land grabbing and land concentration sweeping the globe do not affect all farmers equally. The degree of vulnerability to these threats is highest for smallholders, women and people of color—the ones who grow, harvest, process and prepare most of the world’s food.


Conflicts Over Land - A Role for Responsible and Inclusive Business

Reports & Research
Dezembro, 2013

This briefing paper makes the case for proactive business engagement in respecting land rights and ensuring legal, fair and inclusive practices on land use, access to natural resources and equitable development opportunities. It outlines key challenges, provides an overview of existing instruments that can help companies address issues related to land, and points to practical entry points for improved business practices.

MIGRATION AND CHANGING POOR DYNAMICS IN A VILLAGE: A CASE STUDY

Journal Articles & Books
Dezembro, 2013
Índia

The urbanization has been significantly created wide scope of employment opportunities through manifold services sector. The mobility or migration of rural people has changed the social and economic condition of the landless labour of the rural area. In this case study migration of the village young of East Midnapore district of West Bengal who were from landless labour families with a little education has been noted. Their social and economic position had been remarkably changed within 3-5 years.

India : Land Policies for Growth and Poverty Reduction

Setembro, 2013

In India, land continues to be of
enormous economic, social, and symbolic relevance. The way
in which land can be accessed and its ownership documented
is at the core of the livelihood of the large majority of
the poor, especially in rural and tribal areas and
determines the extent to which increasingly scarce natural
resources are managed. Land policies and administration are
critical determinants of the transaction cost associated

Securing Africa's Land for Shared Prosperity : A Program to Scale Up Reforms and Investments

Junho, 2013

This is covers land administration and
reform in Sub-Saharan Africa, and is highly relevant to all
developing countries around the world. It provides simple
practical steps to turn the hugely controversial subject of
"land grabs" into a development opportunity by
improving land governance to reduce the risks of
dispossessing poor landholders while ensuring mutually
beneficial investors' deals. This book shows how Sub