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Servitudes - Chapter 7 of 21 GCA “Real Property”.

Dezembro, 2005

This Chapter defines and classifies servitudes and defines rights and obligations deriving from such land burdens. Easements, i.e. servitudes attached to land include: a) the right of pasture; (b) The right of fishing; (c) the right of taking game; (d) the right of way; (e) the right of taking water, wood, minerals, and other things; (f) and the right of having water flow without diminution or disturbance of any kind. Servitudes not attached to land include the right to pasture, and of fishing and taking game (sects. 1 and 2).

Orphans’ Land Rights in Post-War Rwanda: The Problem of Guardianship

Reports & Research
Setembro, 2005

Covers orphans in Africa; the problem of guardianship; the Rwandan setting; post-war situation of orphans; children and the law(s); orphans’ efforts to assert land rights – land dispute cases; rethinking care giving for orphans. The 1994 genocide, combined with the impacts of HIV/AIDS, created 300,000 orphans in Rwanda. Many are heads of households who urgently need land-use rights, but a weakened system of guardianship and increasing pressures on land often prevent this.

Decree No. 192/PM on the Compensation and Resettlement of the Development Project.

Julho, 2005

This Decree, consisting of 19 articles divided into six Parts, defines principles, rules, and measures to mitigate adverse social impacts and to compensate damages that result from involuntary acquisition or repossession of land and fixed or movable assets, including change in land use, restriction of access to community or natural resources affecting community livelihood and income sources.

Regional law No. 32-ZS “On cultural heritage”.

Abril, 2005
Europa Oriental

This Regional Law regulates relations in the sphere of conservation, management and state protection of the objects of cultural heritage. Scientific research and conservation of the objects of cultural heritage shall be carried out by state cultural institutions and by licensed natural and legal persons. Classification of objects as cultural heritage shall be performed by the Regional Council of People’s Deputies within a year from the date of submittal of application for classification of objects as cultural heritage.

Land Law (No. 04/NA).

Outubro, 2003

This Law makes provision for the management and use of various types of land, including forestry and agricultural land.Land of Lao PDR shall be under the ownership of the national community and all organizations and individuals shall have the obligation to protect land to ensure that there is no soil erosion, land subsidence and soil degradation.The Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry shall be in charge of managing agricultural land, forest land, submerged land, river banks, islands and recovered land.The Law, among other things, further provides for the following: land registration for th

Carinthia Wood and Pasture Exploitation Law.

Fevereiro, 2003

The present Law lays down provisions relating to the right of wood and pasture exploitation in the Region of Carinthia. The text consists of 63 articles divided into 9 chapters as follows: General provisions (I); New regulation and regulation of traditional rights (II); Transfer of exploitation rights (III); Safeguard of rights of use (IV); Basic rights of wood cutting in case of need (V); Special field services (VI); Authorities and proceedings (VII); Penalties (VIII).

Order No. 4 of 2002 of Minister of Urbanization and Construction of Georgia on Regulation and Engineering Protection of Sea and River Coastlines

Janeiro, 2002

The Order regulates protection measures for the sustainability of coastal zones of the sea, water objects and rivers of Georgia, as well as provides for the state supervision and liability issues for negative erosional processes in the same zones. According to the Order, these regulations are oriented towards an integration of the interests of multiple sectors in order to enhance the sustainability of social and ecosystems.

Regulations of the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region on the Protection of Basic Farmland.

Novembro, 2000

These Regulations aim at implementing the special protection of the basic farmland and promoting the development of agricultural production and the national economy. "Basic farmland" means cultivated land which is determined in accordance with the demand of the population of agricultural products, the needs of the national economy, as well as a forecast of the use of land for construction for specified period of time, and which shall not be occupied for other uses for a long term, or within the specified protective period.

Décret n° 2-00-474 du 17 Chaabane 1421 (14 Novembre 2000) fixant la procédure de reconnaissance de droits acquis sur le domaine public hydraulique.

Novembro, 2000

Le présent décret fixe la procédure de reconnaissance de droits acquis sur le domaine public hydraulique. Ce texte définit la composition et le fonctionnement du cadre institutionnel de cette procédure. Ce décret abroge les dispositions de l'arrêté du 11 moharrem 1344 (1er août 1925) relatif à l'application du dahir du 11 moharrem 1344 (1er août 1925) sur le régime des eaux, en ce qui concerne la reconnaissance des droits de propriété, d'usage ou d'usufruit sur le domaine public hydraulique.

Law on Pasture and Grazing Land.

Março, 2000

This Law provides for the protection and use of pastures for cattle grazing.The Law identifies two kinds of pasture: specific pasture which exists within the boundaries of villages or towns; and communal pasture which is arid land and does not fall within the bounds of villages and towns. The right to use specific pasture may not be bought or sold, and it shall be forbidden to sell or lease it for expansion of agricultural activities.

Law on expropriation.

Dezembro, 1999

This Law sets the necessary rules and provisions as regards the expropriation of land (the deprivation or restriction of property rights on immovable/real estate/land parcels and similar when required by the public interest, with a fair compensation).The expropriation procedure and the bodies for its implementation are also defined by this Law.The Law is divided into VI Chapters and 63 articles, including specific compensation issues (see Chapter V).

Regulation on the Implementation of the Land Administration Law of the Peoples Republic of China (2014 Revision).

Dezembro, 1998

This Regulation is enacted in accordance with the Land Administration Law of the People's Republic of China. The Text consists of 46 Articles divided into 8 Chapters: General Provisions(I); Land Ownership and Use Right(II); Overall Planning for Land Utilization(III); Cultivated Land Protection(IV); Land for Construction Purposes (V); Supervision and Examination (VI); Legal Responsibilities(VII); Supplementary Provisions (VIII).The state practises the system of land registration and certificate issuance according to law.