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Urban forestry: cities, trees and people

Journal Articles & Books
Novembro, 1987
Bangladesh
Espanha
Chile
Estados Unidos
Itália

Given the monumental challenges facing today's world - widespread poverty, urban blight, illiteracy, tropical deforestation and the threat of nuclear war, to name only a few - it may seem quite irrelevant to devote an issue of Unasylva to the rather tame-sounding subject of urban forestry. To millions of homeless or starving or unemployed people in the urban centres of the developing world, how important can urban forestry really be? In truth, urban forestry, as sometimes practiced, does tend to benefit the well-to-do at the expense of the underprivileged.

Official Letter No. 2-10/733 of 1993 of the Committee on Land Resources and Land Survey regarding information of the population of the availability of land suitable for the allotment to citizens, the modalities and the process of allotment.

Rússia
Europa Oriental
Europa

The Committee entitles its regional, provincial, territorial branches to carry out permanent information of the population through mass media of the availability of land suitable for organization of peasant farms, collective gardening and truck farming, individual housing and summer cottage construction and the modalities of allotment of the plots of land destined for this purpose.

Implements: Presidential Decree No. 480 of 1993 "On additional measures for the allotment to the citizens of the plots of land". (1993-04-23)

National Agriculture Policy.

National Policies
Tanzania
África
África Oriental

This National Agriculture Policy (NAP) states as its general objective to develop an efficient, competitive and profitable agricultural industry that contributes to the improvement of the livelihoods of Tanzanians and attainment of broad based economic growth and poverty alleviation. The NAP is a result of macro, regional and global economic changes that have bearing on the development of the agricultural sector. These changes are reflected in the national policy framework which reflects the Comprehensive African Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP).

Zimbabwe Agenda for Sustainable Socio-Economic Transformation (Zim Asset).

National Policies
Zimbabwe
África
África Oriental

The Zimbabwe Agenda for Sustainable Socio-Economic Transformation (Zim Asset) is a national development plan for the years 3013-2018 to achieve sustainable development and social equity anchored on indigenization, empowerment and employment creation. It is built around four strategic clusters: food security and nutrition; social services and poverty eradication; infrastructure and utilities; and value addition and beneficiation.

Plan Nacional de Desarrollo Humano 2012-2016.

National Policies
Nicarágua
América Central
Américas

El presente documento establece a nivel nacional el plan de desarrollo humano, que contempla líneas de acción y medidas para erradicar la pobreza, garantizar el respeto de los derechos de las personas a satisfacer sus necesidades básicas (alimento, vivienda, salud, educación y seguridad) y conseguir una vida digna para todos los nicaragüenses. El Plan es de carácter intersectorial y abarca el período comprendido entre el 2012 y el 2016.

Regional Law No. 393-ZS amending Regional Law No. 19-zs “On regulation of land relations”.

Legislation
Rússia
Europa Oriental
Europa

Article 8 (5) shall be amended to add the following wording: “The right to once-only allotment free of charge in ownership of land plots for gardening, horticulture or peri-urban agriculture shall be granted to citizens having already in actual use the aforesaid plots of land. The aforesaid plots of land pertain to low-yielding and disturbed land”.

Amends: Regional Law No. 19-zs “On regulation of land relations”. (2015-02-25)

Decreto Supremo Nº 1.809 - Implementa mecanismos de resguardo de las áreas productivas a fin de garantizar la seguridad alimentaria con soberanía.

Regulations
Bolívia
Américas
América do Sul

El presente Decreto Supremo tiene por objeto implementar mecanismos de resguardo de las áreas productivas a fin de garantizar la seguridad alimentaria con soberanía. En este marco se definen las siguientes categorías de áreas: a) áreas productivas agropecuarias urbanas, que son espacios de uso agropecuario, piscícola o agroforestal de extensiones influenciables o colindantes con urbanizaciones; b) áreas rurales de vocación productiva, cuyas características, tengan continuidad superficial y preponderancia para la seguridad alimentaria.

Law No. HM-82 “On local government”.

Legislation
Rússia
Turquemenistão
Ásia
Ásia Central

This Law regulates the functioning of local government related to urban and rural administration, defining plenary powers thereof and its relations with other state bodies. Local government shall be guided in its activity by jurisdictional competence, legality, collegiality and transparency. Information related to decisions taken by local government shall be made generally available. The sphere of competence of the local government shall include rational use of natural resources, environmental protection, land-use planning and urban and peri-urban agriculture.

Loi n° 62-340 du 14 décembre 1962 déterminant les limites territoriales des Communes rurales de zone d'élevage de Niem (Bouar), Gaudrot (Baboua) et Koui (Bocaranga).

Legislation
República Centro-Africana
África
África Central

La présente loi détermine les limites territoriales des Communes rurales de zone d'élevage de Niem (Bouar), Gaudrot (Baboua) et Koui (Bocaranga).Les modalités d'application de la présente seront précisées par des règlements.

Town and Country Planning (Urban Farming) Regulations, 1992 (G.N. No. 10 of 1993).

Regulations
Tanzania
África
África Oriental

No person shall occupy or use more than three acres of land for urban farming. No person shall, except where that person practices zero grazing, graze his animal in an urban area (reg. 3). "Urban farming" means the carrying out of plant or animal husbandry activities as set out in the Schedule within statutory township boundaries. Regulation 4 prohibits farming which may cause nuisance in other zones as those destined for urban farming. (4 regulations)